Biography of William Caslon (1692-1766)

Recorder and British types of printing smelter, who gained fame for the design of a font of great beauty and readability, which was one of the most used his time and model of all subsequent fonts.

William Caslon was born in 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire (England). He began his career in London as an apprentice engraver, at the age of 13; at age 24 already had become a brilliant independent recorder with own workshop (but not before passing by other jobs such as cutter in a bookbinding workshop). In 1720, Caslon began as a designer of typography by agreeing to create a typeface for the New Testament in Arabic. The subsequent font in Romanesque met unprecedented success and became the example of beauty and readability for all subsequent fonts. Thanks to this success, Caslon expanded its business into the main foundation of types of printing press in Britain. In 1737 he settled in a workshop of the Chiswell Street, where his family would continue with the business for almost 120 years. The types used by most printers of that period, both in Europe and United States, came from the Caslon Foundry. An example of its success is the fact that in 1776, the "Declaration of independence of United States" was printed with typography of his workshop.Typography fell into disuse at the beginning of the 19th century, but around 1844, Charles Whittingham started a revival of Caslon types, use them to create an archaic effect on the publication of the journal of Lady Willoughby at the Chiswick Press. This resurgence of your typography also took place in America through L. J. Johnson, who copied the Caslon types in 1858 and sold them under the name of Old Style (old style). Despite receiving much criticism throughout its long history, the Caslon font continues to be one of the most popular of all time.