Biography of Xavier Casp i Vercher (1915-2004)

Poet, Narrator, essayist and Spanish historian, born in Carlet (Valencia) on October 7, 1915 and died on 11 November 2004 in Valencia. Author of an extensive poetic production written, for the most part, in their vernacular language, is considered to be one of the most important figures of the Levantine literary and intellectual scene of the 20th century. His lyrical work prominent has been the subject of numerous awards and distinctions, among which stand out the prestigious Valencia poetry award, granted by the Diputación de Valencia (which, in its call for 1969, awarded his poetry book entitled moment of silence), and Roic of Corella poetry prize (which in 1994 came to highlight the literary quality of his collection of poems entitled Schumannpiano i jo.)

Aside from this valuable contribution to the development of the contemporary Spanish poetry written in Valencian Language, Xavier Casp i Vercher has deployed an intense intellectual work focused, throughout his life, to the promotion and dissemination of cultural and artistic values of their land. Thus, it was one of the founders of the publishing label Tower, one of the first companies that started to recover, in the post-war period, literature written in Valencian; at the same time, it devoted much of its scholars and creative travails to the field of music, where he/she distinguished himself by writing two librettos operatic remarkable literary quality - Vinatea (premiered with music by Matilde Salvador) and Maror-(with Manuel Palau Boix score), as well as by the publication of the book entitled À l'aire (Valencia seny i cor(: Piles, music publishing, 1994), written in collaboration with the aforementioned Palau Boix. In addition, gave to press some essays and critical studies of great value to the knowledge of Valencian as Idees cultural tradition in memory of Nicolau Primitiu (Valencia: author's Ed., 1973), confession with Ausiás March (Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1973) and 50 anys dels 7 October (Valencia: Promoció Cultural Valencian [Cenia to Segura], 1996). The set of all these creative and intellectual activities in defence of the cultural heritage of their land led him to his honorable appointment as Dean of the Royal Academy of culture Valencia.

In his capacity as poet, Xavier Casp i Vercher was unveiled in the early years of the Decade of the forties through the collection of poems entitled fly (Valencia: Tower, 1943), directorial debut, written in Castilian language, announced the emergence of a powerful original voice in the routine and sleepy poetic panorama of postwar. After printing a second collection of verses written also in Castilian, calm anxiety (Valencia: Tower, 1945), Xavier Casp i Vercher was encouraged to publish his first song in Valencian, I sense your (Valencia: Tower, 1948), which immediately served to frame him among the contemporary poets who have shaped their vernacular with greater depth and quality.

After a year, the writer of Carlet, without abandoning this Scripture in Valencian, joined current of religious poetry that was all the rage at the time, which provided the volume of verses titled On vaig, Senyor? The passio Sensacions (Valencia: detainers Alfonso the magnanimous, 1949). Already in the 1950s, established itself as one of the most important lyrical voices of the Levantine cultural environment, Casp i Vercher continued deploying intense creative activity which allowed him to give to printing some poems as notable as Aires de cançó (Barcelona: Barcino, 1950) and Goig (Valencia: Tower, 1952), at the time carried out their first - and, ultimately, single - foray into the narrative of fiction with the volume entitled Proses in carn (Valencia(: Tower, 1952). His return to the lyrical scene came from the hand of the collection of poems Esparses (Valencia: Tower, 1953), to which followed, within that decade, other poetic titles like poem dramaticament esperancat (Palma de Mallorca: La Font of les Tortugues, 1956) and Home (Valencia: Tower, 1957).

Prolific lyric writer of Carlet production returned to scratch at high altitude in the Decade of the 1960s, with titles as praised by the critics and the Valencian readers as Jo, cap's House (Palma de Mallorca: Moll, 1962), D'amar - te, love (Valencia: Tower, 1963) and, above all, silence (Valencia: Diputación de Valencia, 1969), with which started you arriving - already about to reach the fifty-five years of age - the awards and recognitions that they would have to extend his fame beyond the Levantine regional level. The rest of the poetic corpus of Xavier Casp i Vercher includes other titles as Jo també tinc set (Valencia: author's Ed., 1976), great sonata of the homeland (Valencia: Promoció Cultura Valenciana [of the Cenia to Segura], 1981), anthology poetry (Valencia: Generalitat Valenciana, 1992), Els sets October... (61 variations on a Sun theme) (Valencia: Valencia bibliographic Acció "Fil d'Aran", 1995) and Schumann, piano i jo (Valencia: Valencia City Council, 1996).

J. R. Fernández Cano.