Biography of Francisco Javier. Duque de Bailén Castaños y Aragoni (1758-1852)

Military Spanish, born in Madrid on the 22 April 1758 and died in the same city on September 24, 1852, which was captain general of the Spanish armies.

Of noble family, he entered the army as a captain of infantry, in 1768, in view of the services provided by their ancestors. He studied at the Madrid seminar of Nobles, and after several facts weapons it amounts to brigadier, in 1793, and quarterback, in 1795.En 1799 his assiduity in the gatherings of the Countess of Benavente, in clear opposition to the favorite, causes his banishment to Badajoz.

Promoted to lieutenant general in 1802. In may 1808 he was appointed commander of the Campo de Gibraltar. Before the French invasion, the Napoleonic authority, you agree at the beginning but then adheres to the Patriot side and reaches an agreement of mutual assistance with the English general Darrimple. A his decree, dated June 27, 1808, on the harmful Utrera who are prostitutes in the army, was published in Cadiz in 1808, circulated widely, and was reproduced in Spanish loyalty, t, II, demonstration and collection of proclamations.It was not the winner of Bailén, but the general in Chief of the army and captain general of Andalusia, and therefore which collected the laurels. The part that communicates the accountability of Dupont, given at the headquarters of Andújar at 8 in the morning, of July 19, 1808, publishes it the Seville Junta in news of the army of Andalusia (Cadiz, 1808), and the same at 6 in the afternoon - don't know the why of this time difference - appears in commercial Journal of Cadiznumber 206, of July 22, 1808, the offices of communication to the Board of Seville are published also in the mercantile Journal of Cadiz., number 218 and 210, 3 August and July 26, 1808, and proclaims it "the Andalusians. Following the surrender of the French army in the foothills of the Sierra Morena"Gazeta Ministerial de Sevilla, of July 23, 1808, and the mercantile Journal of Cadiz, number 211, of July 27, 1808, and in CPLSa, number 17, August 2, 1808, proclaims that reminds the Andalusians have defeated the winners of MarengoAusterlitz, and Jena and tells them as Spanish: "already have a homeland: you are a great nation". Without this phrase, the proclamation appears again in trade journal of Cadiz, number 221, of August 16, 1808.

He contributed to the formation of the Central Board and the Superior Council of war, writing notable words the General Gregorio de la Cuesta on the "military anarchy", "despotism" and "slavery" that would result from the disruption of the Spanish civil process by the military (September 18, 1808). It lost the battle of Tudela (November 23, 1808), which suffered a court-martial, which acquitted him.

Treasurer of the army, in 1809. President of the Regency until the meeting of the Cortes in 1810. Signature as such a Royal Decree, the 22 of June 1810, why guardian is commanded the Decree of extinction of the courts of police and public security, and is returned to the halls of the crime and ordinary courts knowledge of the causes of disclosure. Once stopped, the same thing to the other ex-Regentes, the courts ordered him, on December 17, 1810 out of Cadiz and the island, prompting a representation of the person concerned, before which courts the 19th of the same month clarified that it was a political measure, involving "no censorship or punishment".

By the battle of Albuera received the gran cruz of Carlos III Regency, may 27, 1811, distinction which the interested party, in the 1 June 1811 Olivenza, thanks attributing their success to Providence, to the value of the troops and to capacity and enthusiasm of the heads, and in addition to the fact that Spain has returned to freedomleaving long prostitution to a corrupt court (Curt, 13 June 1811) had condemned it. However, García Quintana the same year 1811 ranks him among authorities hated, weak or indolent.Its communication of the victory of Arroyo-Molinos, given in the headquarters of Valencia de Alcántara, October 29, 1811, is published in the editor, number 147, November 8, 1811, and the general order of the Fifth Army, 9 November 1811, including a trade of R.Hill, taken November 6, 1811 in Portalegrewhich communicates the victory over Girard, which is published in Editor, number 161, November 22, 1811 and number 239, February 8, 1812, a representation to the courts, dated in the headquarters of Fuentes de Oñoro, January 9, 1812, in favour of "The Castilian Patriots", without names, which says that they had sworn to force the intrusive government.

Captain general of Galicia, in 1812, publishes proclamations "Captain general of the Kingdom of Galicia, its illustrious inhabitants", the editor, number 325, on May 4, 1812, the general... his army, the writer number 387 of July 5, 1812, which has three live in: the nation, the King and the Constitution; and "The general... in Santiago, his troops" in the editor, number 413, on July 31, 1812. Wellington appointed him general in Chief of the army of the South, including to the 2 nd, 3 rd and 4th armies.

Minister of State, Lorenzo Calvo de Rozas accused him before the courts and the country, and published his name as criminal, guilty of laws, the Constitution, and provisions by the own Cortes, truths based on authentic documents, may 1812, and mercantile Journal of Cadiz, number 91, on September 30, 1812.

The death of the Marquis of la Romana took over of the 5th Army Corps in Extremadura, which contributed to the great victories of Salamanca and Vitoria. In December 1812 he attended the dance that the Regency gave in honor of Wellington in Cadiz. A signed article F.X.C., in the editor, number 870, of the 1 March 1813, on the lack of horses in Spain, could be yours.His farewell from the army, at the headquarters of Tolosa, 8 August 1813, and the dispute with Juan O' Donojú, which forces him to join the Council of State is published, with other documents, the Patriot, number 21 of the 25 of August 1813.

Minister of State and captain-general of Catalonia, awarded the Grand Cross of San Fernando and San Hermenegildo, in born 1815.Camarista of the Chamber of Guerra, in 1817 his name becomes hateful to Liberals by ordering the execution of Lacy in Mallorca and sign the death of other constitutionalists. It gave one side to prevent the extension to Spain of the Algerian plague, and at the same time the containment of smuggling, in Barcelona November 21, 1817, and another on the mandatory vaccine, also in Barcelona on 23 May 1818.El March 13, 1820, triumphant revolution in Barcelona, is expelled from the city. However, it followed in the Council of State until 1822. His possible appointment to the command of the Spanish Royal guards Regiment produces indignation, and in Fontana will be even your head.

Commissioned by the Señorío de Vizcaya, together with José María Jusué, headed an exhibition to S.M., congratulating him on his marriage to María Cristina. Shortly after the city of San Sebastián commissioned, at Niceto Larreta and Juan Miguel de Adarraga union, so that they project personally to the King, in whose act of January 6, 1830 delivered a speech (published in Diari de Barcelona).During the last illness of Fernando VII , he presided over the Council of State, received the monarch in 1833 the title of Duke of Bailén, and his death acknowledged ElizabethII, and although did not take an active part in the civil war, came to happen to Argüelles as guardian of Isabel and Luisa de Alabarderos.

He died owning, in addition to the aforementioned, the large intersections of Carlos III, in 1811, Royal American order of Isabella the Catholic, in 1815, Legion of Honor and the Golden Fleece.

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