Biography of Josué de Castro (1908-1973)

Physician, sociologist, and Brazilian essayist, born in Recife in 1908 and died in Paris (France) in 1973. Embarked on a universal crusade against hunger in third world countries, reached the Presidency of the UN Organization for agriculture and food (FAO) and he/she was awarded the international peace prize (1955). In addition, printed left an interesting essay work which explained all the theoretical considerations related to their particular battle against hunger in the world.

Inclined from an early age to the humanities, he/she attended advanced studies in anthropology, discipline which then formed the axis of their teaching activities at the University of Rio de Janeiro. Then he/she began to make public, through numerous articles published in specialized magazines and Media General, its preoccupation with mortality and diseases causing hunger in least developed countries. He/She gave also many lectures on this subject, and became a world authority on the analysis and treatment as a result of the publication of his famous work entitled geography da fame (geography of hunger), in which Castro Josué formalized his theory about the real culprits of the misery in the poorest areas of the planet: the 19th-century colonialism and, in the 20th century, a latent colonialism imposed great powers through technological, cultural, social and business operation.

Another aspect of interest offered by Josué de Castro in geography gives fame is its distinction between the "physiological and absolute hunger" and what he/she called "specific hunger", caused by dietary supplements diets regulating low power to some towns subjected to a regime of monoculture because of big business interests.

As you might expect, the emergence of geography da fame (1946) had a wide impact throughout the world, which resulted in numerous editions and translations over the years. Although Josué de Castro had already published several articles and taught various courses and lectures on this sensitive issue, was the appearance of this work which led him directly to the Presidency of the FAO (which served from 1952 until 1956), as well as the trigger for his success in the public life of their country (was member of the Brazilian Parliament from 1955 until 1963).

In addition to geography gives fame, Josué de Castro gave to the press many other studies and trials focusing on the same subject. Among them, mention graduates Alimentação e Raça (food and race), or problem da alimentação no Brazil (the problem of power in Brazil), Physiology two taboos (Physiology of taboos) and food in the tropics). Especially interesting was another work of his entitled geopolitics da fame (geopolitics of hunger), who was born in 1951 translated, from the moment of its appearance, into fourteen different languages.