Biography of Julián Castro (1810-1875)

Military and Venezuelan politician, born in Petare in 1810 and died in Valencia (Venezuela) on June 12, 1875.

Son of Juan Manuel Castro and Margarita Contreras, due to its humble origin received only a rudimentary education. At an early age he/she entered to form part of the army of the great Colombia, which became second lieutenant. As with the rank of Lieutenant, and under the orders of general Pedro Carujo, took part in the revolution of reforms dealing with guard in their own units to the President of the Republic José María Vargas after their arrest in July 1835.

In 1836 he/she was arrested charged with the murder of Francisco Sucer; the following year it was released. Retired from public life for a few years to resolve personal issues, until in 1845 he/she rejoined the army with the rank of second lieutenant, under the orders of general José Antonio Páez, together which participated in the campaign against the insurrection of Francisco J. Rangel and Ezequiel Zamora. After this campaign, he/she was promoted to the rank of Captain and was under the orders of President José Tadeo Monagas.

In 1848 it was sent by the Government to Curacao to spy on Antonio Leocadio Guzmán, who was there exiled. He/She was promoted to Commander and took part in the campaign that opposed the rise of the general Páez (July-August, 1849). In 1849 was appointed commander of weapons and Governor of the province of Apure.

In 1854, promoted to Brigadier general, he/she held the position of Commander of arms of Carabobo and charged with the direction of the campaign against the so-called Revolution conservative from June of that year. Two years later he/she was promoted to major general and appointed Governor of Carabobo province. On March 10, 1857 was at the forefront of the uprising against President José Tadeo Monagas and attained its surrender. Day 15 Castro entered Caracas as General in Chief of the Liberator army.

On July 7 he/she was elected Provisional President of the Republic by the Valencia Convention, which conferred special powers to resolve the diplomatic dispute as a result of the José Tadeo diplomatic asylum in the French Embassy.

On October 31, 1858 was enacted the new Constitution, which declared Castro President interim until elections could be held. The home of the Federal war, February 20, and the lifting of Ezequiel Zamora and Juan Crisóstomo Falcón in Barinas and Apure, provoked Castro to start a series of political maneuvers that removed from the power, on June 7, 1859, and a surprise comeback the 13th, with the ensuing administrative chaos and general astonishment after a mockconcluded with the shift of the Government, conservative to liberal. Conservatives, feeling betrayed, went into action and 1 August succeeded in the overthrow of the President, who was accused of a crime of treason and banished on July 31, 1860.

In July 1871 Castro reappeared in public life, under the Government of Antonio Guzmán Blanco, since he/she was appointed Chief of the Liberal army of the Center. He/She fought against the lifting of the general Matías Salazar, which was in charge of judging and, after death, to execute.

Member of the Freemasonry in grade 18, died on June 12, 1875.

JACJ