Biography of Claude Chabrol (1930-2010)

Director, producer and screenwriter of French cinema, born on June 24, 1930 in Paris and died on September 12, 2010, in Paris.

Already at a young age he was running through his veins a sickly interest in film, that would lead him to forget about the University classroom to go several times a week to the Parisian cinemas. Soon will be integrated in the magazine Cahiers du Cinéma, eventually converted into a real object of worship but in the mid-1950s was home to a crowd of young people angry against film that was being made and defenders wishful thinking of some veteran filmmakers little dear. Chabrol would find the right place to express his unbridled enthusiasm for thrillers, which most would yield late senses tributes as a filmmaker in the pages of this publication.

As a result of a small inheritance bequeathed by a family member could make his debut in the field of production with the short film Le coup de berger, directed by his friend Jacques Rivette, and worked as a technical adviser in the mythical at the end of the break, founding manifesto of the movement "Nouvelle vague". These forays into the industry served to familiarize themselves with problems common to any filming and to question issues of cinematic technique, until the time came to lead a low-budget film entitled cousins (1958), that an absolute commercial failure proved himself. However, this film already preludiaría some elements common to the first stage of his filmography, present in his following films the beautiful Sergio or double life, such as the taste for x-raying characters sickly repulsive characters, located on the edge of some psychological pathology.

The failure of these films led him to immerse yourself fully in the 1960s into markedly commercial projects: above all, parodies of spy films to the James Bond (Maria Chantal against Doctor Kha, 1965) or violent thrillers (El Tigre, 1964, and sequel to the Tiger is perfumed with dynamite, 1965).

The money these films would return to reinvestment in project personal and on the line of the "Nouvelle Vague", as a the Hinds (1968), where the cruelty of the protagonists portraits was softened by a certain dose of tenderness and humor. The unfaithful wife (1968), accident without track (1969) or rupture (1970) are outstanding titles of this stage in the career of Claude Chabrol, but if any title stands out above the rest is the butcher (1969), one of the fundamental works in the history of French cinema. The plot of this film revolves around two characters, a school teacher and a butcher, prisoners of desires inconfensables although she exercises of spinster and hide it inside the presence of a true monster: the murderer that hides inside a charming appearance. A ritual suicide for the sake of closing images of this extraordinary film where madness was struggling to overcome the apparent sanity daily.

Mental disorders will be at the basis of many other subsequent films as hell (1993), according to a draft of the screenplay never shot by H. George Clouzot, shows how someone can end up destroying everything he has because of jealousy... However, Claude Chabrol has not resigned to explore trends closer to a realistic academicism, usually with the aim of making some kind of social criticism as Violette Nozière (1978), subject of women (1988) or the ceremony (1995), inspired both in actual events and where put into question issues such as clandestine abortion. The presence of one of their regular actresses, Isabelle Huppert, contributes to providing consistency and plausibility to all these films.

The comedy not going more... (1998), awarded at the International Film Festival of San Sebastián, and the excellent drama in the heart of the lie (1998) are part of an uneven path and changed, but United by the label of an undeniable talent.

Claude Chabrol is without doubt one which has better managed to adapt his personal speech to the evolutions of the time between all the French directors attached to the revivalist movement of the "Nouvelle Vague", and as well as the most popular tastes has stubbornly sought to opt for classic film noir, sentimental melodrama or the piscologismo genres. Over its long history, it repeats without causing boredom among the spectators issues and particular obsessions such as adultery, the irrepressible passions that lead to the tragedy or the madness that can provoke the feeling of jealousy. All seasoned with a smart sense of humor and complemented with a fervent cult of gastronomy as well as the physical presence of the own Chabrol that the same Alfred Hitchcock, usually appear in episodic form in his films.

Filmography

(Chabrol has been co-writer of nearly all of his films)

1958: Cousins; The beautiful Sergio (and actor). 1959: A double life. 1960: Les bonnes femmes (and actor); Les Godelureaux. 1961: Greed (episode of the seven sins; Co-Director). 1962: L'Oeil du matin; Ophelia; Landru. 1963: The man who sold the Eiffel Tower (episode of the world's most famous scams; Co-Director). 1964: El Tigre. 1965: Maria Chantal against Dr. Kha; The Tiger is perfumed with dynamite (and actor). 1966: La ligne de demarcation; The moult (episode of Paris seen by...; co-director and actor); Champagne for a murderer. 1967: The route of Corinth (and actor). 1968: the does (and actor); The unfaithful wife. 1969: Accident without track; The butcher. 1970: The rupture. 1971: in the evening; The prodigious decade. 1972: Dr. Casanova; Bloody relations. 1973: Nothing. 1974: A party of pleasure; The innocents with dirty hands. 1975: Les magiciens. 1976: Follies of a bourgeois marriage; Alice or the latest leak. 1978: Day prostitute, Miss of the night; Fatal labyrinth. 1979: Fantômas. 1980: The horse of pride. 1982: The ghosts of the Chapelier. 1984: Chicken with vinegar. 1985: The inspector Lavardin. 1987: The cry of the OWL; The blood of others; Masque. 1988: Affair of women. 1989: Mots Croisés. 1990: madame Bovary. Doctor M; Quiet days in Clichy. 1992: Batty.1993: hell. 1995: The ceremony. 1997: Not going more... 1998: In the heart of the lie. 2003: The flower of the mal.2005: the Lady of honor.2006: the intoxication of power.

As producer:

1956: Le coup du berger (short). 1959: signe Le du lion. 1960: Paris nous appartient (and actor); Les jeux de L'Amour (and actor); Le farceur; L'eau the bouche (and actor).

As an actor:

1960: Saint-Tropez blues. 1965: Le apuvre chemisier.

Other collaborations:

1959: at the end of the break (artistic collaboration). 1961: La ligne droite (editor).

Bibliography

LANDLORD, Juan Carlos et to the. Dictionary of Directors. (Madrid: Ediciones JC, 1992).

PASSEK, Jean-Luc et to the. Dictionary of cinema. (Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1986 [Version Española de URABAYEN CASCANTE, Miguel, Rialp, 1991]).

LFC