Writer and French statesman, born in 1768, in Saint-Malo, and died in Paris, in the year 1848. He came from a noble Breton family who tipped him to the military career. He began serving in the regiment of Navarre, and was a direct witness of the first revolutionary attempts in Paris. In 1791, he moved to North America, intending to discover the Northwest Passage by land. But as any burst by then revolution, he hastily returned to his country, where he joined the counter-revolutionary forces, and where he married shortly before emigrating. He was part of the army of the Princes, he was wounded at Thionville and went into exile in England, sick of severity, from 1793 to 1800. There was forced to make translations to earn a living, and worked evenings in a historical essay on the revolutions, in 1797, with a clear influence of the philosophical spirit of the eighteenth, which introduced him to the literary world. After the death of his mother and a sister, again embraced the Catholic faith who had forgotten since his early childhood. He also wrote the genius of Christianity, work that would end in Paris, in which he defended the Catholic faith from the attacks of the voltarianism, and that placed him at the forefront of the writers of the era, both by his merit Royal alike you have taken advantage of the circumstances in which a religious reaction was verified. This more literary than philosophical project are two short novels that included Atala and René. He was appointed Secretary of Embassy at Rome and Minister in the Valés, post which he resigned when he learned the execution of the Duke of Enghien in 1804. He undertook a long journey to the East, to visit Greece and the Holy places, with the aim of documenting well before writing the martyrs, in 1809, about the persecution of Christians in the time of Diocletian; He also took this trip to have experiences in a book entitled from Paris to Jerusalem, written in 1811. He was named pair of France following the return of the Bourbons and joined Luis XVIII to Ghent during the hundred days. He held the portfolio of Foreign Affairs 1822, under which represented France in England, Sweden, Italy and Prussia at the Congress of Verona. But he resigned from all diplomatic in 1830, to the fall of Carlos X, office when he heard of the formation of the Polignac Ministry.
Other works of Chateaubriand, loaded with exotic and primitive suggestion are: the last padamsee; The Natchez, both from 1826 and journey to America, in 1827. Retired from politics, when she began to write memoirs from beyond the grave, 1848-50, whose unabridged version was not published in France until 1989; the first full version in Spanish dating back to 2004. Recall other works such as life of Rance, 1844, which features the life of a religious, and through which, Chateaubriand reunited his own image, their hopes and their sorrows.
Maintained with Mme. recamier, already at the end of his life, a comforting friendship. L'enchanteur was nicknamed the charm of his word, and will have wide dissemination during romanticism, much influence the authors of century XIX. Chateaubriand is the first French writer of modern times, but as a politician, history censorship his excessive intolerance and his violent tirades against Napoleon, after fallen, as well as the large part was in the French intervention in Spain, attacking the independence of a people free.