Biography of Federico Chávez Careaga (1882-1979)

Politician and lawyer Paraguayan born on February 15, 1882 in Paraguarí and died in Asuncion on April 24, 1979. He was elected President of the Republic between 1950 and 1954.

Son of Portuguese immigrants, in 1902 completed his Bachelor's degree in science and letters at the National College of the Capital, after which studied law, graduating in 1905. He subsequently practiced law in the Court of Asunción. It began its functions in the public administration as Secretary of the municipality of Asuncion, was later promoted to Superintendent, in which remained during the Governments of colonels drain and Jara. On August 18, 1911 was appointed attorney general of crime, being confirmed on December 7, 1914, under the mandate of Eduardo Schaerer. In 1930 he joined the Republican National Association (Colorado Party) and took over the management of it in 1946. In July of that year he held the portfolio of public works in the Cabinet of general Morínigo. On January 13, 1947 was appointed Chancellor, occupying the same position in 1949 during the brief government management of Dr. Felipe Molas López. On September 11 of that same year, the Governing Board suggested to don Federico Chávez to the Presidency, following the resignation the day before of Molas. Chávez held the position of interim form. Subsequently he was elected as a candidate for the Colorado Party for the presidential elections which took place on July 15, 1950 and in which won with 288.162 votes in his favor, in a vote that there was no opposition; It was sworn before the House of representatives on August 16, 1950. It followed a policy of inter-American solidarity and reinforced with neighbouring countries and especially with Argentina, Paraguay relations both countries signing a Treaty of limits. It also maintained close diplomatic relations with Spain, with whom he signed a Treaty of perpetual friendship (12-X-1949) and a trade agreement, signed on August 25, 1950 in Asunción and it established a mutual exchange by value of six million dollars.

In domestic policy enjoyed, during that period of political calm, to achieve the unity of the Colorado Party. During his rule, he began a series of internal changes in your country, such as the release of political prisoners and the restoration of individual guarantees. In addition, under his rule was installed the factory of cement of Valley me, opened the school of police, was rehabilitated the Superior School of war and began classes at the Liceo Militar Acosta Nu. In March 1952, the Foundation of the Central Bank took place. In June 1952 the Governing Board agreed to his re-election, which should be effective in the elections of February 15, 1953. On January 7, 1954, Chávez led to an internal coup to eliminate opposition in the Government. But on May 4 was overthrown by a coup d ' état by general Alfredo Stroessner; the President is harbored in the military school, where he was arrested and released 48 hours later. On October 27, 1955 was shown diplomatic exile at the embassies of France and Spain. He was buried with great honors of State.


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HALPERÍN DONGHI, T. contemporary history of Latin America. Madrid, 1997.