Biography of Jacques René Chirac (1932-VVVV)

French politician, born in Paris on November 29, 1932, in the bosom of a wealthy family. He/She studied at the Paris lycées of Carnot and Louis le Grand. He/She graduated from the Institute of political studies in Paris and at the National School of Administration (ENA). He/She studied at Harvard Summer School.

He adhered to the Gaullism in 1958 and his first post in the Administration occupied it in August 1959, to be named auditor of second class in the Court of Auditors. Months later became the General Secretary of affairs Algerians, who dealt directly with George Pompidou, Member of the Cabinet of President De Gaulle, with whom he/she held various Secretaries of State before being ministerial holder. Being Minister of the Interior, he/she helped create the majority which led Giscard d'Estaing to the Presidency, which earned him to be Prime Minister. In March 1977, he/she was elected Mayor of Paris, and reaffirmed its leadership at the head of the Gaullist right in the legislative of March 1978.

He appeared as a candidate for the presidential election of 1981, being defeated in the first round, where we only got 18 percent of the votes, against Giscard and Mitterrand with a 28 and 25 per cent respectively. The rivalry with Giscard turned into fratricidal duel when Chirac prompted nearly a million of Gaullist voters to deposit their ballots to the credit of Mitterrand, with the sole purpose of ousting Giscard d'Estaing, as it happened.

The Town Hall of Paris, Chirac became one of the most fervent critics of the Socialist administration. Mitterrand appointed Chirac Prime Minister on 20 March 1986, giving the case unusual of a right-wing with a President of the Republic Government, Socialist, situation which has received the name of political cohabitation.

Jacques Chirac

During the Government projects were carried out as the privatization of 65 State-owned enterprises, the revision of immigration law, at the time which had to face problems like Islamic terrorism, demonstrations of students against the selective measures of access to University or the strike of transport which affected France at the end of 1986.

In 1988 it was voted by plebiscite by 99.8 per cent of the delegates of the extraordinary Congress of the RPR as a candidate for the Presidency of the Republic in the elections of that year. On the same day he/she resigned from the Presidency of his party, which passed into the hands of a triumvirate. François Mitterand's victory in the presidential elections was that, as they had both agreed, Chirac presented his resignation as Prime Minister, on May 13, 1988.

In the municipal elections of 12 and 19 March 1989, Chirac returned to stand for re-election as Mayor of Paris, resulting reelected. On February 11, 1990 he/she was re-elected as President of the RPR getting two-thirds of the votes on the motion tabled by him and by the Secretary general, Alain Juppe, compared other leaders like Pasqua and Seguin, who defended a different model party, strong and contrary to any union with other parties of the French right in extraordinary Assembly, against the opinion of Chirac, favour of incorporating the right to the Socialist Party.

On 7 March 1993 he/she returned to be reelected President of the Association for the Republic, during the Congress held in Bourget, North of Paris. In the legislative elections of 21 and 28 March 1993 the RPR, allied with the UDF, so the new Prime Minister appointed by Mitterrand was a Gaullist, Edouard Balladur.

On November 12, 1994, at the extraordinary Congress of the RPR, Chirac resigned as President of this training in order to concentrate fully on his candidacy for the Presidency. Three months later, he/she presented his electoral program, with equal opportunities and the fight against unemployment as key elements.

April 23 was held the first round of the presidential elections and against all odds won the Socialist Lionel Jospinagainst Chirac. Both finalists attended the second round which was held on 7 may, where voters returned this time victory to Chirac. In this way became the V President of the French Republic, thus finished the fourteen years of mitterrandismo. On 11 February 2002 he/she presented his candidacy for re-election as President of the Republic. Beat in the first round held on April 21, and although all odds ventured a new duel against Jospin, the Socialist leader was ousted from the presidential race by ultra-right Jean-Marie Le Pen. Stop the advance of the far right became then the priority goal of the French electorate missed the political allegiances for a day to go to the polls on May 5, 2002 and with an overwhelming majority support Chirac option. In his first action as new President of the Republic, appointed Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin liberal to cover the square of the Jospin resigned until the conclusion of the June legislative.

Held elections to elect the representatives of the National Assembly, Chirac brought together most of the electorate's centre-right UMP (Union for the presidential majority) around, a new project of concentration of forces did an overwhelming absolute majority at the polls, with 355 of the 577 seats in the Parliament, and which desterraba the phenomenon of cohabitation of French national politics. On 17 November 2002, French conservatives held the Constituent Congress of the UMP, renamed the Union for a Popular Movement. In September 2005, it was admitted urgently by a vascular accident and in March 2007, announced in a televised speech that he/she retired from political life. In November of the same year, he/she was accused by diversion of public funds in his time as Mayor of Paris.

On May 28, 1993 he/she was elected President of the European High Commission, created to promote East-West and especially relations with Russia in Vienna. He/She is also Treasurer of the Claude Pompidou Foundation. He/She has been decorated with the Grand Cross of the national order of merit, the cross of the military value, Knight of the agricultural merit, the arts and letters, l' Étoile Noire, of sports, of the tourist merit and the Medal of aeronautics.

He is author of: Discours by la France a l'Heure du Choix and the dex lueur l'esperance: reflection du soir pour le matin, both published in 1978.

In October 2009 the former President is processed by the Justice of Paris for alleged breach of trust and diversion of public funds in connection with the creation of 21 non-existent jobs.