Biography of Yevgueni Nikoláyevich Chírikov (1864-1932)

Narrator, dramatist and Russian journalist, born in Kazan (in the Republic of Tatarstan) in 1864, and died in Prague in 1932. Author of a rich and varied literary production that lambastes the populism, totalitarianism and, in general, any form of power that split of demagoguery and the tyranny of the masses for denying freedoms and civil rights to those who are not included in its ideological spectrum, is considered to be one of the voices of the contemporary Russian literature that more emphatically cried out against Marxism and the Soviet regime in his homeland after the revolution of 1917.

Life.

Born into a family belonging to the classes privileged within the social and economic scale of his Republic (descended from the old Tartar nobility), received a careful education that enabled him to soon develop your innate ability to intellectual, well manifest in his helpful step by the Institute in Kazan, where wowed his teachers and fellow students for his excellent willingness to study both the sciences and the Humanities since childhood. It happened, at the end of this secondary education, at the University of Kazan, where again demonstrate their multi-faceted knowledge to enroll, simultaneously, in the careers of law and natural sciences. But the socio-political concerns that had already begun to manifest during the juvenile period prevented him successfully in this glossy top training, since he/she was expelled from the University classroom for their direct role in a violent student unrest in which even being arrested by the local authorities.

This expulsion of the University, the young and impulsive Yevgueni Chírikov decided to make a living by means of professional writing, so it began to send numerous articles and reports to various Rotary and magazines, like the Russian heritage, world of God, El Noticiero del Norte and the new Word, admitted it welcome among its regular contributors. In this journalistic way, soon earned a certain literary and intellectual prestige that, after a few years, allowed to begin to disseminate his writings in publications of greater scope, including the Marxist magazine life, that welcomed among its pages to the brilliant writer and journalist Tartar, while Chirikov has not not only had attached to the Marxist ideology, but who rejected publicly of her (so much so, that in 1916 he/she faced public and openly with Maxim Gorky, then director of the magazine and, above all, great reference intellectual committed to revolutionary ideals). Logically, this taking sides against Marxists postulates forced to abruptly leave the country in 1917, to take refuge first in Bulgaria and later in the Czech capital, where he/she remained longer definitely until the end of his days.

Work.

In his role as Narrator - perhaps the most famous of his prolific literary career-, Yevgueni Nikoláyevich Chírikov stood out for the publication of a series of novels and stories in which left evidence of their ideological principles, front opposed to the proletarian revolution. At the end of the 19th century is one of his best-known novels, the Invalides (1897), which shows its disagreement with any attempt of power based on the populist demagoguery; a year later, the printing press gave another interesting extensive narration, published under the title the outsiders (1898), already focused the goal of their attacks on the Marxist ideology; and, almost at the same time, won a well-deserved literary recognition for his evident mastery in the cultivation of the short story genre which contributed some splendid - although too indebted Chekhovtalent - pieces, as the titled "The prodigal son" (1899), "The Princess" (1912) and "Destination" (1912).

By the time they wrote two stories cited in last place, the author of Kazan was also engaged in the development of a much more ambitious project, the autobiographical trilogy the life of Tarjanov (1911-1914), who consecrated him definitively as one of the great early twentieth century Russian narrators. The outbreak of World War I took him of arguments to endorse that enviable narrative maturity that had just demonstrated, now revalidada in the short stories collected in the volume the echoes of war (1915). Subsequently Chirikov continued offering notable samples its fabuladora capacity, but already in exile, where he/she dedicated himself almost exclusively to attack with virulence of the new Soviet regime implemented in your country - thus, v. gr., in the beast from the abyss and my novel-extensive narratives, when not to remember with nostalgia and bitterness customs, social patterns, moral behavior andin general, ways of life of that imperial Russia who had perished at the hands of the Marxist revolution - material that formed the novel Novodevichie and the "Bride" and "Provincial town" stories.

In his facet as playwright, Yevgueni Nikoláyevich Chírikov also achieved a remarkable success of critics and public, especially after the premiere of his work Iván Mirónych (1905), put in scene by the most prestigious company of those years, the Moscow art theatre, directed by the great Muscovite production designer, Konstantin Stanislavski, and largely responsible for his strident successes that had been devoted to Chekhov and Gorky. Other works of remarkable importance within the Russian at the beginning of the 20th century theatre were the Hebrews (1904) and Symbolist dramas lights red (1907) and the legend of the old Castle (1907).