Composer and pianist Polish born on 1 March 1810 in Zelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, and died in Paris on October 17, 1849.
Son of French emigrated to Poland, Chopin was a child prodigy. He learned piano from his mother and from the 5 years debuted at charity concerts and performances in aristocratic salons, but it was not until 1826, when he began his music studies with Józef Elsner (formerly had composed already polonaises). He befriended the writers of the Polish romanticism (Mochnaki, Zaleski, Witwicki,) among others and acquired knowledge of Polish popular music, at the same time relating to the music of the time, both French and Italian. From 1828 he made concert tours in Germany and Austria, being received with enthusiasm, and in 1831 settled definitely in Paris.
In the French capital he made an intensive and successful career as a pianist, primarily informing his own works. Mainly dedicated to the composition and classes of piano, whereby related to Liszt, Rossini, Mendelssohn, Heine, Balzac and others, and from 1834 to 1836 traveled again through Central Europe. That year he met the writer George Sand, which would mark his life deeply. From 1838 to 1839 he lived with her in Mallorca and Genoa, but they separated in 1847. The disappointment affect his fragile health, already attacked by tuberculosis and the growing nostalgia for his Polish homeland, and failed to recover fully. After a tour of concerts in United Kingdom (1848), he died in Paris. Buried in the Pere-Lachaise of this city, his heart was transferred to the Church of the Santa Cruz of Warsaw.
The style of Chopin is based on several sources: the work of prerromanticos pianists, but also Classics (especially, Mozart and Beethoven), and also in part of the Italian opera, although it granted an important role to the Polish folklore. It soon reached a definition of its own style and in its first phase cultivated mostly classical forms (rondos, variations, sonatas, concerts and trios, until 1830), always based on the pianistic interpretation. At its second (1830-39) Polish national element and the romantic reached its peak. He developed the ballad and "scherzo" and gave them a dramatic and very expressive air. His Mazurkas, of this time, declare themselves in favour of the simple and free forms, in a motion only. In its last creative period he returned to Sonatas, in which evolved decisively into romantic forms. Some of his works offer even polyphonic structures.
His style in inseparable from its execution. The high sensitivity and emotion of his music is characterised by expressiveness and the predominance of the "cantabile" and a nuanced Dynamics given air of improvisation to the interpretation. His work, strongly influenced by the Polish national sentiment, is also marked by the ideology of freedom of France and the depth of the German musical heritage of Bach and Beethoven. Decisively influenced the musical work of the 19th and 20th centuries, prepared the way to the national schools and almost no later composer could deviate in some way to their influence. His piano technique has also influenced decisively across the back. In fact, almost all of his musical production is written for piano: Mazurkas, preludes, waltzes, sonatas, night studies, ballads, 12 polonaises, etc.
http://www.chopin.pl/ ; Website dedicated to Frédéric Chopin.