Biography of Papa Clemente XI (1700-1721)

He was born in Urbino in 1649, and died in Rome in 1721. His secular name was Giovanni Francesco Albani, and was of noble family; He studied literature belletristic, theology and civil law in Urbino and in the Roman College, and took the title of doctor in both rights. He made career in the administration of the Roman States and he was appointed by Pope innocent XI Chief Clerk of the two signatures and consultant of the consistorial congregation. He was Governor of Rieti and Spoleto, Urbino vicedelegado, vicar and judge of the Church of san Pedro. He was Pontiff from 1700 to 1721. He succeeded Pope Innocent XII. It undertook the fight against Jansenism, whose theology condemned in his Papal Bull Unigenitus (1713). He harbored hope, not consummated, unify Christianity. In his private life was very severe, with two hours a day of prayer, very frugal meals, audiences for complaints every first Tuesday of the month; It was splendid in the promotion of literature, the arts and in the relief of poverty. He established an Academy of fine arts in the Capitol. He enacted several canonizations, organized the Church in the Philippines, composed the new craft of san José, in the Roman Breviary, and commanded that the feast of the immaculate conception was of obligation throughout the Church. At his death he held the papacy of Pope innocent XIII.