Biography of Montgomery Clift (1920-1966)

Film actor American, born on October 17, 1920 in Omaha (Nebraska) and died in New York on July 23, 1966, whose real name was Edward Montgomery Clift.

Life

He spent part of his childhood traveling Europe with her family in France and Germany. With eight years it had to overcome an operation that left him with a scar on the neck. Her parents sought always to educate them giving you everything that was within reach of his hand, even in the most difficult economic times for the family. From the age of fourteen, he began to act. His first role was in the Berkshire Stockbridge (Massachusetts) Theatre, in Fly Away Home work. From there it moved to Broadway where it would be a Jubilee year, a musical by Cole Porter in which Prince was. Later on came several works more like Obedient Husband, Eye on the Sparrow and so until its role in da me Nature will be very prominent critics. After meeting the composer Lehman Engel during a tour of Mexico collapses dysentery, which will mean a parenthesis in his career, which will remain paragraph for a few months. The theatre would be everything for him over the years, interpret works of Thornton Wilderand Tennessee Williams and Lillian Hellman, Anton Chekhov , among others, until at the end of the years forty begins to intervene in his first films.

His performances are not unnoticed for one of the founders of the Actor's Studio, the always controversial Elia Kazan. In 1948 wheel Angeles lost, with Fred Zinnemann and, especially, Red River, at the hands of Howard Hawks and a huge John Wayne as the protagonist. There was doubt that that boy could withstand the overwhelming personality of Wayne, but the own John ended up recognizing the quality of Clift and confirming expectations that it had deposited Hawks. Then interprets important films as a place in the Sun (1951), George Stevens, I confess (1953), with the great Alfred Hitchcock, and station end (1953), by Vittorio de Sica.

In the year of 1954, misfortune is going to cross your path. He suffers a serious traffic accident, which left deep traces in the face, which will make your character to become even more introverted and remove the film for several years. When he returns is a transformed man: the quality of performances and, above all, from the selection of titles suffers enough. Examples include his collaboration with Elia Kazan, again, in Wild River (1960); or her roles in winners or losers? (1961), by Stanley Kramer. The same year wheel the emphatic and twilight rebel lives, with John Huston. His last appearance was a discrete movie, the defector (1966), Raoul J. Levy, after having stood another four years for health reasons.

Today day tends to remind him as one of the great intellectual actors of Hollywood. Montgomery Clift had an important career, but did not give him everything that was inside. His complex personality, his emotional fragility and his maladjustment to the era that had him live, their withdrawal in social events, coupled with some bad luck, and a rather frail health, hobbled his career always. He understood, at the hands of people like Elia Kazan, film interpretation should evolve, that study and the intuition needed to be accompanied by a deepening in the psychological characteristics of the character to extract new nuances to the drama. Widely connected with the generation of the 1950s, which saw in him a kind of archetype, someone who sought to break the molds that jump into the air two decades later. In a way, is it that anticipated in time, with the difficulties that this entails.

His life was quite affected by homosexual inclinations, trends that his brother accepted - not his mother - at a time when sexual freedom did not exist. In fact, the studies imposed you the company women on numerous occasions (the own Elizabeth Taylorwas one of them).

Filmography

1948: Lost Angels; Red River. 1949: The heiress. 1950: Besieged. 1951: A place in the Sun. 1953: I confess; From here to eternity; Station term. 1957: The tree of life. 1958: The dance of the damned. 1959: Lonelyhearts; Suddenly, last summer. 1960: Wild River. 1961: Rebel lives; Winners or losers? 1962: Freud. 1966: The deserter.

Bibliography

BOSWORTH, Patricia. Montgomery Clift. (Barcelona; Planet, 1980).

GASCA, Luis. The stars. (Editions Urbion, 1982).

KASS, Judith M. films of Montgomery Clift. (Barcelona: Odin editions, 1993).

PASSEK, Jean-Luc et to the. Dictionary of cinema. (Librairie Larousse, 1986), (Spanish version of Miguel Urabayen Cascante [Madrid: Rialp, 1991]).