Biography of Diego Colón Muniz (1474-1526)

Sailor Spanish, born in Portugal, Porto Santo (Lisbon), date unknown (probably 1482) and died February 23, 1526 in Puebla de Montalbán. Eldest son of Christopher Columbus and his wife Felipa Perestrello Muñiz, Portuguese of Genoese origin.

Born in Portugal, where his father lived and made the first project to reach the India sailing to the West, came to Spain's child and he was educated at the Court of the Catholic Kings. He married Doña María de Toledo, niece of the famous Duke of Alba, in which he had two sons and two daughters. Santo Domingo has ruled for two terms (1509-1511 and 1520-1523). The other Greater Antilles (Cuba, Puerto Rico and Jamaica) were conquered during the first. During the second he had many clashes with official real and took place the first uprising of slaves. diego Colón fought hard to achieve recognition of the honors and privileges that had been granted to his father in the capitulations of Santa Fe, without success. His widow and descendants continued the lawsuits.

He was born to 1482, although there is no documentary evidence of this. His mother died he was a child and widower Columbus moved to Spain in 1485 (following the refusal of the Portuguese King pay your travel) with its small. It is possible that he thought to leave it in the care of his sister Violante Doña Moniz, who lived in Huelva married neighbor Muliarte Miguel. Don Cristobal came with sticks and possibly wasn't to Huelva, Diego left in the care of the Franciscans of la Rábida when he went to the Court to manage your project. diego Colón had permaner there until 1494 (after the Columbian return from the first journey) when he was appointed page of Prince don Juan and led him to the Court in the company of his natural brother Hernando. There he would have known to fray Diego de Deza and Doña Juana de Torres, master and mistress of the Prince respectively. Master pages and nobles was Pedro Mártir de Angleríahumanist.

Dead Prince don Juan (October 4, 1497), Diego was named in 1498 page of the Queen Isabel the Catholic. During the following years he lived in the Court, where attended the brightness and the Columbian failure. When the Admiral departed for its fourth voyage of discovery the defense of Columbus, then suspended privileges, left him responsible since he was head of the Majorat and heir of all the property of Cristóbal Colón from 1498. In 1503 the Queen Elizabeth appointed him contino's home, with fifty thousand maravedís's salary. He then attended the death of his father in Valladolid (1506), but could not fulfill his desire to marry Doña María de Toledo, daughter of the Duke of Alba, until two years later, in 1508. diego Colón was then appointed Admiral of the Mar Oceana and claimed the title of viceroy of the Indies, but Fernando el Católico refused to recognize it as life, although appointed you temporary viceroy and Governor of the Spanish, August 8, 1508, in this last position happened to fray Nicolás de Ovando. Columbus arrived in Santo Domingo and the following year with his wife, his uncles Bartolomé and Diego, and his brother Hernando. They then began the famous Columbian lawsuits, since don Diego claimed all titles and honours that had been granted to his father: hereditary titles of Admiral, Viceroy and Governor of the Indies, Government of Puerto Rico, Veragua and Urabá, appointment of shortlists for the offices of Justice, tithes of the indianos benefits, etc. The Royal Council issued its first statement 5 may 1511 recognizing most of their rights, but Fernando the Catholic maintained its refusal to accept the office of Viceroy as life, so the lawsuit continued long time as it is known. In the judgement of la Coruña in 1520 the Columbian viceroyalty was limited to the Islands and was the obligation of the viceroys to suffer the judgement of residence. The lawsuits to don Diego and in the judgement of 1536 survived the Colon would lose almost all effective privileges and stayed almost exclusively with the honorific.

The first Government of Diego Colón passed between 1509 and 1511, and while began the conquest of other islands such as Jamaica, Cuba, and Puerto Rico; a general division of Indians was in 1510; developed mining and agricultural and livestock production and became the capital of the Indies to Santo Domingo. The Crown established audience of Santo Domingo, the first with three judges of appeal, in order to limit the power of the Columbian in 1511. The administration of don Diego was also hampered by the moral crisis initiated by the Dominican fathers (Córdoba and Montesinos), which confronted the settlers on sides pro and antiencomenderos and led to the laws of Burgos of 1512. In 1515 the Catholic King relieved Colon, who had to return to Spain. Jerónimos sent was replaced, after the death of the monarch, by the P.P. by Cisneros.

The reign of Carlos I started with good omens for Diego Colón, who was appointed Governor of the Spanish in 1520. He returned to India and tried to govern wisely, but abounded conflicts with the hearing, institution that jealously watched the interests of Crown. Also the first great revolt of black slaves in America, which began precisely in the ingenuity of don Diego Colón was. Carlos I ordered the return of don Diego after three years (March 22, 1523), once on the Peninsula, the son of the Admiral returned to their lawsuits. Starting in 1524 he moved to Seville, where he was to celebrate the wedding of the emperor. He became ill on the way and died in La Puebla de Montalbán (Toledo), in the House of Alonso Téllez Pacheco, 23 February 1526. His body was transferred to the monastery of the caves of Seville, where reposaría to be transferred to the city of Santo Domingo, on the island of Hispaniola.

diego Colón had five children in his marriage and three outside it. The largest was Luis, heir of the estate and the title of Admiral, who had a life banal and licentious, although he served a brief term as Governor of the Spanish. The other four legitimate sons were Cristobal (whose daughter Francisca married the hearer of Quito Diego de Ortegón); María Felipa (married to Sancho de Cardona, Admiral of Aragon); Joanna (married to don Luis de la Cueva); e Isabel (married to don Jorge de Portugal). His eldest son don Luis, who had the mayorazgo, was father of Diego Colón, the last of the male heirs of the Colon, died in 1578.

Bibliography

ARRANZ, Luis. Don Diego Colón (Madrid;C.S.I.C., 1982).

BALLESTEROS BERETTA, A. Christopher Columbus and the discovery of America (Madrid; Espasa, 1942, 2 vols.).

Columbus, Hernando. History of the Almirante (Madrid, 1984).

FERNÁNDEZ DE NAVARRETE, Martín. "The testament of Méndez' in works of... vol. I, p. 240-248 (Madrid, Atlas, 1954).

FERNÁNDEZ DE OVIEDO, Gonzalo. History General and native of India, vol I (Madrid; Atlas, 1959).

LAS CASAS, Bartolomé. "History of the Indies", vol. II of the complete works of... (Madrid, Atlas, 1961).

MANZANO MANZANO, Juan. Christopher Columbus; Seven years of his life, 1485-1492 (Madrid, 1964).

MANZANO MANZANO, Juan. Columbus and his secret (Madrid, 1976).

TAVIANI, P.E. Cristóbal Colón, genesis of the great discovery (Barcelona, 1983).

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