Film actor American born on May 7, 1901 in Helena (Montana) and died on May 13, 1961 in Beverly Hills (Los Angeles). His full name was Frank James Cooper.
His father was a British emigrant who became judge of the State Court of mountain. In 1910 he travelled with his mother and his brother mayor Arthur to England, where he studied at Dunstable College until the beginning of the first world war. On his return to the United States he worked in his family cattle ranch during the years of the contest. He studied at the agricultural school of the Wesleyan College of Bozeman (Montana) and in Grinnell College in Iowa. After graduating he worked as a guide in Yellowstone National Park and as a draftsman in his hometown, the Helena Independent, newspaper before moving to California in 1924. He worked in various trades, from seller to photographer, before debuting in the film due to his great skill as a rider. Between 1925 and 1926, he participated as an extra in numerous silent westerns. His first great opportunity came with a last-minute replacement to play a secondary role in Desert Flower (1926), by Henry King, starring Ronald Colman and Vilma Bánky. The film was a great success and provided him with a contract as an actor for Paramount Pictures.
During his early years in silent movies he shared poster with the great stars of the Studio, especially with Clara Bow, who took part in it (1927), Clarence Badger, and children of divorce (1927), Frank Lloyd. Among his most memorable appearances of this epoch, also highlighted, a small paper in wings (1927), excellent film of William a. Wellman. She received more recognition from the press for his numerous romances with some of his colleagues, such as the own Clara Bow and Lupe Vélez, than for his interpretative qualities, developed mostly in romantic movies and action. Among them stood out The Virginian (1929), Victor Fleming, one of its first sound films, considered by Cooper as its best western.
In the 1930s he continued playing taciturn and romantic heroes in great films such as Morocco (1930), of Josef Von Sternberg, starring Marlene Dietrich, or the streets of the city (1931), Rouben Mamoulian, a gangster story written by Dashiell Hammett. Far from falling into the prison, played some of his best roles in comedies as a woman for two (1933), Ernest Lubitsch, where he formed an extraordinary love triangle with Frederic March and Miriam Hopkins. In 1933 he married Veronica Balfe, Lady of the high society of New York.
The secret of life (1936), by Frank Capra, her first film for Columbia Pictures, marked a major turning point in his career. It was nominated for the first time to the Oscar for best actor to give a new nuance to his classic character of full and firm hero thanks to his magnificent portrayal of the naive and idealistic Longfellow Deeds, one of the cornerstones of his career as an actor. He was hired by Samuel Goldwyn in 1937 and became the highest-paid actor in Hollywood according to the New York Times. Among his most prominent works from this period in the adventure film include Beau Geste (1939), Wellman, and outsider (1940), William Wyler, that cemented his legend as one of the great interpreters of the history of the cinema of West. Juan Nadie (1941), his second collaboration with Frank Capra, gave another twist to the issue of the common man whose integrity is put to test by a corrupt society, this time in a more dark and disillusioned.
The first years of the Decade of the 1940s were the time of greatest splendour in his career as an actor. Got his first Oscar for Sergeant York (1941), Howard Hawks, history of the moral crisis of Alvin York, a pacifist who ends up becoming hero of the first world war. His outstanding performance made him almost a national hero. He was nominated to the Academy Award for the pride of the Yankees (1941), Sam Wood, which gave birth to the legendary Lou Gehrigbaseball player. In ball of fire (1941), his second collaboration with Hawks, made one of his best comic performances to give life to one of the squeamish professors that the mistress of a gangster, played by Barbara Stanwyck, help in the elaboration of a dictionary of slang. A year following Cooper won her third consecutive nomination to the Oscar thanks to for whom tolls bells (1942), Sam Wood, adaptation of the eponymous novel of Ernest Hemingway, close friend of Cooper since its beginnings in the cinema.
Formed his own production company, the International Pictures in 1944 and in 1947 he was hired by Warner Brothers. Become one of the biggest stars in Hollywood, performed some routine vehicles for its brilliance, where even engage in production activities. During the filming of spring (1949), King Vidor, an ambitious adaptation of the famous novel by Ayn Rand, fell in love with his classmate Patricia Neal. The refusal of his wife to grant him a divorce and her romance with the actress, born with great discretion, is one of the darkest points in his personal career.
After a series of failures by public and critics, got his fifth nomination to the Oscar and his second statuette just before danger (1952), Fred Zinnemann. Considered his best film, it tells the story of a lone sheriff who must fight against a group of outlaws after being abandoned by the inhabitants of a small town in the West. Cooper gave the best of himself in one of his most memorable performances and only the danger became one of the great films in the history of the genre: it obtained an enormous success of public and critics coined terms such as western psychological or twilight to refer to it. In this genre he made at the end of his career some works of importance as Veracruz (1954), Robert Aldrich, or the man of the West (1958), AnthonyMann. In April 1961 was awarded by the Academy with an honorary Oscar for "memorable performances and the international recognition he has captured the film industry". His close friend, the actor James Stewart, picked him up with tears in his eyes. Shortly after, and as a result of an incurable cancer, Gary Cooper died in Los Angeles, become one of the greatest legends in the history of cinema.
1925: Dick Turpin; Damn Horde; The lucky horseshoe; Promise pledge; The twilight of a race; The Black Eagle; Tricks.1926: The enchanted Hill; Watch your wife; Flower of the desert; Old Ironsides.1927:; Arizona Road; Children of divorce; The last Bandit; Wings; Nevada.1928: Slave for love; The legion of the damned; The first kiss; The big match; The sinner angel; Alone on an island; Beau Sabreur.1929: The song of the Wolf; The Virginian; Three pals; Perfidia.1930: Seven days of permission; Only the brave; Galas of the Paramount; All a man; Opposite lives; Gold and blood; Marruecos.1931: Military caravans; The slippery pearls; The streets of the city; I accept this woman; A woman to bordo.1932: Make me a star; If I had a million; A farewell to arms; Between the devil and the pared.1933: live today; Favorite women; A woman for two; Alice in the country of the maravillas.1934: Star night at the Cocoanut Grove; The spy number thirteen; Now and forever; The Hollywood Gad-about. 1935: three Bengali Lancers; Bridal night; Dream of eternal love; The feast of Santa barbara.1936: wish; The secret of living; Hollywood Boulevard; The general died at dawn; Buffalo Bill.1937: Souls at sea; Lest we forget.1938: the eighth women's blue beard; The adventures of Marco Polo; The cowboy and the dama.1939: Beau Geste; The jungle in armas.1940: the outsider; The canada.1941 mounted police: Juan nobody; Sergeant York; Fuego.1942 ball: the pride of the Yankees.1943: for whom tolls the campanas.1944: the Valley of the shadows; Memo for Joe; Casanova Brown.1945: The exotic; The Oeste.1946 Knight: Cloak and Dagger.1947: Variety girl; The inconquistables.1948: the good Sam.1949: spring; Bridge; Snow Carnival; It's a great feeling.1950: the King of tobacco; Dallas, fronteriza.1951 City: You're in the Navy now; It's a big country; Distant drums; Starlift.1952: Only to the danger; The honor of Captain Lex.1953: return to paradise; Blow salvaje.1954: Boum sur Paris; Veracruz; The garden of the diablo.1955: The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell.1956: the great prueba.1957: Ariane.1958: ten, Frederick Street; Man of the West; Glamorous Hollywood.1959: The hangman tree; They came to Cordura; Mystery in the lost boat; Alias Jesse James.1961: Shadows of suspicion.