French painter, born in Ornans in 1819 and died in La Tour de Peilz (Switzerland) in 1877. He soon abandoned his studies of law to devote himself entirely to painting, dazzled at an early stage by the splendor of the romantic French artists. His first notable works are the guitar and the wounded man, presented with great success at the Paris Salon of 1845. But with the man with the pipe moved away from schemes of romanticism, to go slowly assuming the Baroque aesthetics of Rembrandt and the Flemish painters of the 16th and 17TH centuries. His paintings were then loaded on literary, historical, mythological, and religious affairs.
From 1850 he turned his eyes to the world surrounding him, to the reflected point works as burial at Ornans, the peasants of Flagey of turn of the fair and the Stonecutters. These fabrics, together with others who were triumphing in the successive salons of Paris during the Decade of the 1950s (the dormant spinners, wrestlers, bathers, the young ladies of the village...) ended up devoting you as the most outstanding master of realistic school gala. In 1855 he wrote living art - preface to the catalogue of the exhibition of this year - text which immediately became a sort of manifesto of realistic painting.
The culmination of this intense realism was evident in a small canvas painted between 1865 and 1866, authentic gem of erotic painting of all time, which has come to the history of art as the most finished work of Courbet. Baptized in the mid-20th century as the origin of the world, this oil plays one of the most beautiful foreshortenings that illustrate the universal Gallery of naked female.
Courbet, friend and coreligionist of anarchist Pierre Joseph Proudhon (he left immortalized in his famous portrait of Proudhon and his family), was one of the top supporters of the Idea in the nineteenth-century France. Its acracia led him to reject the cross of the Legion of honour which, in 1870, sought to impose on it the French Government on the occasion of his triumph at the Paris Salon of the year concerned. A result of this citizen engagement was his election as Deputy of the mourned commune, in whose attempts promoted efforts that led him to spend six months in jail. Disillusioned compatriots, after release from prison he settled in Switzerland, where he died in 1877.