Biography of Ximena Cristi (1920-VVVV)

Chilean painter, born in Rancagua (O´Higgins province) on December 4, 1920, belonging to the artistic generation of the 40, protagonist collected influences of post-impressionism and figurative expressionism to define own intimate style in which colour is the element.

He entered the school of fine arts of Santiago in 1938, Center in which he/she graduated in 1945 with a specialization in painting. In 1949 he/she travelled to Italy, a scholarship from the Government of this country, to complete his training at the prestigious Academy of art of Rome, and before his return to Chile, in 1951, toured several European countries, in Spain the second prize in the I Salon Hispanic American painting (1950). In 1952 he/she was appointed Professor of painting at the school of fine arts of the University of Chile, charged that it exercised over the following three decades, combining teaching with artistic work. Together with Israel Roa, Carlos Pedraza, Maruja Pinedo and Francisco Otta, among others, he/she was part of the generation of the 40. Later it belonged to the Group of five, with Aída Poblete, Matilde Pérez Cerda, Sergio Montecinos and Ramón Vergara, who exhibited in the Hall of the French Cultural Institute Chileno (1953). Also was part of the group rectangle, pioneer in his country of a conceptual language close to Cubism, which that same year exhibited at the circle of journalists of Santiago. Member of the Association of painters and sculptors of Chile, Cristi was sworn in 1974 of the CRAV competition and the following year took part in the official of the Chilean capital.

Disciple of Jorge Caballero and Augusto Eguiluz, Cristi however underwent an evolution in his work which led him to a very personal, difficult record art in any specific trend setting. His paintings focused on the representation of landscapes, human figures, still lifes or simply objects and furniture, that despite his humility and simplicity, constitute a perfect reason to indulge in loose to a strong expression, full of nostalgic feelings; not in vain, it is considered one of the precursors, together with Henriette Petit, of figurative expressionism. Color, applied with a vigorous and generous, brushstroke predominates over the drawing, which tends to dilute its forms. The rich chromatic variety acquires an indisputable role as a vehicle of expression, passionate and even aggressive, so the use of forceful tone is a constant feature of his painting, at least in a first stage; later, his work became more serene, coinciding with a Board of the issue of the female figure. Some of his most representative works were Interior with chairs, Interior, El balconies and tree garden.

In addition to the already mentioned, Ximena Cristi received numerous prizes and awards, including the second prize of painting of the Salon official (1944, 1946 and 1951), the prize of acquisition of the official Salon (1947), the award of Honor of the Salon official of Chile (1960 and 1963), the Presidential Prize in the competition for the national flag (1967), the prize of the Institute of Chile to the best individual exhibition in the country (1975)the award of Honor of the contest national Lircay (1979), the prize of the Association of art critics (1981), the Honor Award of the national contest of art of the University of Chile (1982) and the Critics Circle Award in Visual Arts (1997).