Biography of Queen of Suecia Cristina I (1626-1689)

Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm in 1626 and died in Rome in 1689. Daughter of Gustavo Adolfo II and María Leonor de Brandeburgo, succeeded his father at the age of six years, under the aegis of the Council of Regency who presided over the all-powerful Chancellor Oxenstierna.

In 1644 he took the direction of the Affairs of State be proclaimed major. From the first moment he showed signs of great political skill and maturity of judgment. Due to the success that his father had been in the thirty years ' war, Sweden had become a great power in Northern Europe: in 1645 was obtained from Denmark, forced to sign the peace of Brömsebro, two of its islands; and Norway, two border provinces. In addition, in 1648 signed the peace of Westphalia with the Empire in equally advantageous conditions: earned Bremen and Pomerania, and the right to participate in the German imperial diet. But these military successes had a high price, since the services of his victorious generals had paid through the alienation of Crown properties.

Cristina was possessed of a vast culture and intellectual curiosity. Fond of music and the arts in general, friend of parties and luxuries, clashed with the austere mindset of his Protestant subjects, moreover, his enormous interest in culture meant large expenses to the Exchequer of the Crown. Some of the most prominent intellectuals of the time as Descartescame to the Court of Sweden. The creation of large number of schools, as well as his patronage of letters and art, eventually cause financial ruin of the State, resulting in the increase of taxes and the dissatisfaction of the people.

He never agreed to marry and ruled influenced by their favorites, which included the French doctor Bourdelot, count de La Gardie, Spanish Ambassador Pimentel and Klas Tott. It was named heir to the Kingdom to his cousin Carlos Gustavo, where he eventually abdicated in 1654. She converted to Christianity, thwarted by the opposition increased to their actions and willing to devote themselves to their art collections and her friends.

He went to reside in Rome, where he was received with enthusiasm by the Pope Alejandro VII, which soon became tired of his extravagant lifestyle and huge expenses, in the patronage of the arts and the lavish parties that were so amateur. He then moved to France, where he made a triumphal entry into Paris 8 September 1656. After a season in this country - which killed her lover, Monaldeschi-he conspired to snatch the Crown of Naples to Spain. He returned to Sweden in 1660, on the death of his cousin, in the hope of returning to wear the Crown of the Kingdom, but failed it, since their subjects not forgave him that he turned to Catholicism, or their life's excesses and enormous expenses. Seeing frustrated interests in Sweden, they hoped to the Crown of Poland, which also failed. He returned once more to Sweden where it tried, without success, return to Protestantism. This situation, he returned to Italy, where he managed a pension of the papacy. Since then he devoted to literature and brought to its around a Court of intellectuals with whom founded the Academy of Arcadia, subsequently known eat Clementine Academy.

His death Cardinal Azzolino named universal heir to his friend and Adviser. She was buried in the Church of San Pedro in Rome. She left written several works including: maxims and sentences, reflections on life and facts of Alejandro and memories.

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