Biography of Evelyn Baring Conde de Cromer (1841-1917)

Politician and British Ambassador born in the County of Cromer (Norfolk) in 1841 and died in London in 1917. After studying at one of the most prestigious military academies in England, the Royal Academy of Woolwich, began his diplomatic career in 1872 with the position of Secretary of the viceroy of the India, since it maintained until 1876. A year later he was transferred to Egypt, a country where he would play most of his consular work. However, despite the success of the British Commissioner of public debt in the Mediterranean country during the mandate of Baring (1877-1880), last year it was again required to travel to the Asian colony to occupy a position of vital importance, Minister of finance. Baring was in the India until 1883, year in which his nostalgia for Egypt, a country that admired deeply and he was interested in its artistic and historical aspects made it to apply for a position in the colonial administration of Cairo.

Since 1883, and during the two following decades, Baring was the consul-general, with full powers of the English Crown, in Egypt. Since its installation in Cairo, Baring surrounded himself with a competent team of young graduates between which they prevailed, at the time of hiring, your interest in the African country, and his knowledge of Egyptian customs. Baring team attained the stability of relations between London and the Turkish sultan in Egypt, Mohamed Tawfik Pasá, khedive out total, which in turn gave the opportunity for a bright working together in pursuit of modernization of the country.

Baring, perhaps alongside Lawrence of Arabia is possibly (though this other very different reasons), the British which best memory the Egyptians, saved since the reorganization carried out by its Consulate was total, since the financial system communications, foreign trade or the army. Practically there was no field in which the reforms advocated by Baring is not reached. In addition, the consul should must be included with express mention that the protection of the interests of the British Crown were made with an exquisite respect for institutions, customs and the interests of Egypt, thanks to the unusual expertise and the skills of organization of Baring. In this regard, it should be noted that in 1892, after the death of the khedive passes, Baring was able to accommodate the situation so that the transfer of power to his son, Abbas Hilmi II, was carried out without any interference from the warring Ottoman Imperial officials, always willing to conspire to take over the power in such situations. After this action, Baring obtained from the British Government the title of baron of Cromer, as a reward for his actions at the Egyptian consulate.

The next milestone in the diplomatic career of baron Cromer took place in 1897, when he got to the enthusiasm of the Egyptian offices and British, the creation of a joint Anglo-Egyptian army to conquer the territory of Sudan. That same year he was appointed Viscount Cromer, and in 1898, the mixed army took control of Sudan, which happened to be governed also in dual way by Egypt and England. In 1901, finally, Baring was elevated to the rank of Earl of Cromer, the highest register of the British nobility.

Visibly affected by the passage of the years, in 1907 Baring put an end to a fruitful stay of twenty-four years in the Mediterranean country, and was dismissed for a head of State honors and admired remembrance of thousands of Egyptians and British resident in Cairo. Installed in London, in 1908 he was appointed member of the House of Lords, political institution in which Baring participated extensively, especially on colonial issues, in which an authority, was considered until his death in London in 1917.


MORGAN, K.O. (ed.) The Oxford History of England. (Oxford; University Press, 1988).