Biography of Alan Crosland (1894-1936)

American filmmaker born in New York on August 10, 1894 and died in Hollywood on July 26, 1936.

Life.

He began his career at an early age, as an actor and Assistant Stage Director. In 1912 he/she began working for the company Edison in the most diverse tasks, prior to assuming the leadership in 1914. After making short films for three years, he/she signed his first feature film in 1917. During his years of learning in the silent films he/she directed a number of films, mainly melodramas of marked theatrical cut. After a short season where he/she worked under the command of David o. Selznick, the eccentric millionaire Howard Hughes hired him to run expensive blockbusters of era, among which highlighted the enemies of women (1923). He/She was married to silent film star Elaine Hammerstein, with whom he/she had a son: Alan Jr., editor and director for the forty and fifty years. Having overcome the aftermath of a serious car accident that nearly cost him the life, was hired by Warner Brothers, which was made with the rights of a sound sync system developed by Western Electric, and company with which Alan Crosland headed Don Juan (1926), the first feature of the history of the cinema he/she joined music synchronized through a disc. Starring John Barrymore and Mary Astor, Don Juan was the first production of the Vitaphone Corporation, a company created by Jack Warner to exploit that system of sound film.

The success of this first production led Warner to rely on Crosland to direct the first "sound" film of the story, the singer of jazz (1927). Based on the play by Samson Raphaelson, was starring Al Jolson, the biggest star of varieties at that time, whom Warner hired at the expense of the late performer of on Broadway, George Jessel. Its melodramatic plot, the story of the triumph as the son of strict Rabbi jazz singer, was perfectly adapted to Crosland directorial style. Film was shot silent almost entirely and only the musical numbers were recorded synchronously; They include the interpretation of the Song My Mammy, in an emotional final. The success that earned the film after its premiere was the introduction of sound films around the world.

His mastery of the new production system allowed him to reach a position of privilege in the industry and directed a number of films before suffering a new car accident in 1936 which did not survive. Alan Crosland became the history of the cinema as director of the first sound film.

Filmography.

1917: The light in darkness; Apple-tree girl; Kidnapped.1918: Eddy; The unbeliever.1919: Country cousin.1920: Broadway and home; The flapper; Youthful Folly; Greater than fame; Point of view.1921: Worlds apart; Is life worth living?; The Countess of Kildoran.1922: Why announce your marriage? (and co-writer); Shadows of the sea; The prophet's paradise; Smart thieves; The snitching hour; The face in the fog.1923: the enemies of women; Under the purple cardenalicia.1924: Three weeks; Miami; Sinners in Heaven (and producer); On the wings of the gloria.1925: Bobbed hair; Contraband; The terrible coqueta.1926: Don Juan; The loves of Manon.1927: the tramp poet; Pride of race; The singer of jazz.1928: the beautiful of Baltimore; Later by the principe.1929: music, maestro; General Crack.1930: Big boy; The furies; The flame; Nights in Vienna; Captain Thunder.1931: Children of dreams.1932: thirty days; Between two fuegos.1934: massacre; At twelve o'clock; The personality kid; The case of the dog aullador.1935: The white cockatoo; Happened in New York; Alias dynamite; Lady Tubbs; The King of Broadway; The great imposter.

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