Biography of Gregorio de la Cuesta y Fernández de Celis (¿-1811)

Military and Spanish politician, born in La Lastra (Santander) on date that is unknown and died in Mallorca in 1811.


Cadet in the regiment of Toledo (1758), took part in the campaign of Portugal and on the site of Gibraltar. From 1781 to 1791 he/she was residing in America, from where he/she returned with the rank of Colonel. He/She took part in the war against the French Republic, which earned him the promotion to quarterback (1793), lieutenant general (1795) and President of the Council of Castile (1796).

Friend and favoured Godoy, it then incurred its displeasure, who banished him in 1801 with half salary to the mountains of Santander. In 1808 Fernando VII appointed him captain-general of old Castile; months later, he/she wrote a letter to Mariano Luis de Urquijoin which explained the situation created with the journey of Fernando VII.

In a proclamation, published in the journal of Madrid on June 5, went out to the passage of the "hostile projects and chimeric enlistments", i.e., all the national movement of the war of independence. A few days later acknowledged the validity of waivers of Bayonne (see Statute of Bayonne) and obedience due to the Junta that ruled on behalf of the French Emperor.

Although he/she thought of accepting the position of Viceroy in Mexico that offered Azanza, before the popular commotion which occurred in Valladolid on May 30 preferred to take his lead and getting back on track by means of military discipline "so it was less dismal". However, their incompetence caused him to lose battle of Cabezón and Rioseco, after which withdrew with the Cavalry to Castile. In August of that year formed a Board in Leon, opposite the one run by Antonio Valdés y Bazán, which had been reconstituted in Ponferrada in the month of July. Arrested in September the representatives of the boards of León, Castile and Galicia, who were to join the Central, considering that it still captain general of Castilla y León, the authorities of the province were you subordinate Central had no more than "dream powers".

All these events are participated by the own slope to Floridablancain a letter dated September 17, 1808 in Segovia. This missive answered chestnut trees in another the next day, which explained the reason for the Central Board and provincial, and warned him against "military anarchy" resulting from disregarding the civil authorities. For its part, the Regency Council also made know to slope the dismay that their behavior had put him. Slope reply was swift and, days later, offered to Mon y Velarde, undergo the Regency, charging at the same time accusing the Board of Lion of infidelity and insubordination. The Central Board ordered arise in Aranjuez, which he/she did, but with the requirement that his honor would be repaired. Thus, by order of the Board remained confined in Aranjuez until it stood in front of the army of Extremadura with the rank of captain general of the army. Despite the defeat suffered at the battle of Medellín, the Government promoted him to captain-general in 1809.


File historical military Nacional.Estado of the armies of the Spanish monarchy (leg. 1Q, 1 and 10 c and leg. 42A), (in the national press).

Garcia RÁMILA, Ismael. "Spain against the French invasion", in Bulletin of the Royal Academy of history, XCIV, 1929 (pp. 498-616)


The English in Spain, no. 13 (1813).

MOYA and JIMENEZ, Francisco and King JOLY, Celestino. The army and Navy in the Cortes of Cadiz [ms.], (Cádiz: 1913).

PAEZ rivers, Elena. Hispanic iconography [5 vols.] (Madrid: 1966).

PALAU Y DULCET, Antonio. American bookseller [2nd ed.] manual (Madrid 1948-1977).

Editor-General of Spain, no. 197 (28 December 1811). In addition, fragments of a letter to Francisco Venegas of date on July 19, 1809, were published in Diari de Barcelona, no. 247 (September 4, 1809).

A Gil Novales.