Biography of Manuel Curros Enríquez (1851-1908)

Spanish poet in Castilian and Galician language born in Celanova (Orense) on September 15, 1851 and died on February 7, 1908 in Havana (Cuba). His father was a notary by profession and José María de Curros was called. After helping his father, he/she continued studies in law; later, in 1885, he/she moved to Madrid, where he/she worked as a journalist for the impartial during the years 1870-1876. In 1877, he/she settled in Orense and worked as an official of the Treasury; later, after his legal problems by Aires da miña terra, he/she returned to Madrid to work in the Republican newspaper El Porvenir. Liberal ideology, considered representative of his people both in the political and literary; for this reason, he/she had to emigrate to London after the failed revolution of September. On his return, he/she militated in the Federal Republican party. He/She went to Cuba in 1898 and there collaborated in the journal of the families and, later, in the Diario de la Marina; earlier, he/she had founded Galician land; back to Spain for a few years, he/she returned permanently in 1904 to Cuba to die there in 1908. His body, however, was repatriated.

In his first book was a popular legend, A Virxe do Cristal, next O gaiteiro de Peralta (both awarded in a literary contest of Orense in 1877); It also included other jewelry as Cantiga (1869). The work appeared under the title of Aires da miña terra (1880) and draws attention, inter alia, by his militant and anticlerical spirit (Nothing weird, on the other hand, at the time they wrote it). The bishopric of Orense got to kidnap the book and its author was sentenced to two years in prison, although in the end was released by the audience in La Coruña. His is also a long poem, or divine sainete, 1888, eighteen Cantos, describing the journey that made to Rome with his friend Francisco Añón on the occasion of the Jubilee of León XIII; actually, it is a parody of the Divina Commedia of Dante and a satire of the clergy and the false religiosity of some believers. Completely fictitious subject is the loa El padre Feijoo, 1879.

Rosalía de Castro considered it (and after her criticism, especially from the 1940s here, with an admiration which grows over time) one of the best Galician poets of his time. In Spanish, published letters from the North or Paniagua and company, agency of blood, which is based in the Carlist War; also noteworthy is illustrious sons of Galicia. Most of his work appeared already posthumous: his journalistic articles saw the light in 1911 under the title of selected items; between 1908 and 1913, were given printing its complete works; Finally, in 1956, published an anthology entitled selected works.

Links on the Internet; Text of A Virxe do Cristal.; Brief but choice selection of his poems.


LÓPEZ VARELA, Elisardo, Poesía galega de Manuel Curros Enríquez (La Coruña, 1998).