British writer of Norwegian descent, born in Llandaff (Great Britain) in 1916 and died in Oxford on 23 November 1990, whose work is among the preferences of young readers around the world. Many of them have become films of great international success.
His father, of Norwegian origin, died when the future writer was only three years old. This disappearance left in economic hardship to the family. They had to move to a smaller House, but her mother decided to continue living in England rather than return to Norway, as the wish of the parent was that their children were educated in British schools.
This education wasn't at the small Roald, since it included strong punishments. She lived their happiest moments in summer, when he traveled with his mother and siblings to Norway. It shone not especially in his studies, although he excelled in sports activities (such as boxing).
More interested in action and adventure than the intellectual effort. Therefore, at the age of eighteen became Explorer, instead of enrolling in the University, as his mother wanted. He then worked as a salesman until, at the age of twenty-three, he enlisted as a flier to fight in World War II; his first collection of novels, Over to You; 10 Stories of Flyers and Flying (1946), evokes the horrors that lived during the great war.
He fought heroically on the African continent. His aircraft was hit repeatedly by enemy gunfire, and on one occasion came to be shot down. Dahl saved the life of miracle, although he had injuries so severe that he was sent to their House as invalid.
However, he recovered from these injuries and in 1942 went to Washington (United States) as an expert in matters of aviation war. It was there when it started to become famous as a writer, to be told in newspapers and magazines in its version of the war.
His first children's book was the gremmlins (1943). He continued to write stories (many of them turned into movies) and, already in the 1970s, devoted himself especially to children's and youth literature.
Married since 1953, Roald Dahl was the father of four children who used to tell stories. He decided to make novels for children these stories, and soon obtained great successes with titles such as James and the giant peach (1961) and Charlie and the Chocolate (1964) factory.
It was a famous author within the child narrative when he returned to writing stories for adults, in which played the most diverse genres (fantastic, police, erotic novel, etc.). These books increased its prestige as a writer, as his frequent collaborations with the film (wrote, among other many, many scripts for the series of James Bond films).
In his life had to overcome many misfortunes: in addition to the serious injuries to the head that suffered in the war, saw kill her young daughter Olivia in 1962. Three years later, his wife Patricia Neal suffered a dangerous disease that was about to leave her blind and invalid.
To make matters worse, his son Theo suffered a serious road accident which caused her brain damage when he was only three years old. Dahl spent many months working on a special valve which was used to remove fluids from the head of his son and allowed to live normally, without having to be hooked to a machine.
Despite these misfortunes, Dahl managed to get ahead and continued writing works that made him most famous around the world. With Matilda, one of his latest books (also become successful film), broke all sales records.
Roald Dahl captivated millions of readers around the world, thanks to its special ability to mix the magic and the real thing. In an imaginary universe, which is not lacking in perversity, strange thing is couples with everyday life. The violent misogyny and fear of being swallowed by the world that witnesses make their stories, delight lovers of psychoanalysis.
Some of his works are included among the best books in the children's literature of all time. Stories like both children and the elderly, since, in the midst of their stories by young people, there is humor and criticism of contemporary society. Appears next to the magic and fantasy, in his books also evil and other defects of the human being.
Charlie and the chocolate (1964) factory was the novel that made him famous among young people from all over the world, even came to be chosen number one in a survey conducted by the prestigious newspaper the Sunday Times to select the ten best works children's works. Charlie and other children visit the chocolate factory and sweets of Mr. Wonka, in which a tribe of Pygmies African works. The vices of each child will be causing its elimination, so Charlie is left alone, having promised that it will take care of the factory after the death of Mr. Wonka.
In addition, he wrote other books kids as famous as James and the giant peach (1961), which tells the story of an orphan who lives with his evil aunts; Charlie and the elevator of glass, continuation of Charlie and the chocolate factory; The witches, which chronicles the confrontation between a child and her grandmother against the terrible Association of witches in England; The cretin, collecting stories of a couple of refunfunones old who hate children; Danny, the champion of the world, the magic finger, Matilda, the story of a girl in love with the books; Boy and flying solo, both based on the life of the author himself.
Other Dahl books aimed at young readers are: disgusting of vermin, the superzorro, the wonderful medicine Jorge, the great giant good-natured, tales in verse for evil children, the vicar talking backwards, my year, Los Mimpis, and Agu Trot.
Dahl has become the history of universal literature by their stories for children and young people. But it was also a great writer of novels for adult readers. Adult works written by the English author recalled: Tales of the unexpected, collection of tales of intrigue and black humor; Revenge is mine, Genesis and catastrophe, extraordinary stories, great switch and my Uncle Oswald.