Biography of Olof Von Dalin (1703-1763)

Poet, playwright and Swedish historian, born in Vinberg (province of Helland) in 1708, and died in 1763. By the satirical dimension of his literary work and documentary scope of his historical writings, he is considered to be one of the Nordic authors most representative of the spirit of the enlightenment in Swedish literature.

Born in a family that dominated a strict Protestant discipline - his father was a severe pastor Lutheran-, the young Olof had access to a careful academic whose last sections were assigned to the own Bishop of Lund. With this humanistic education, Olof von Dalin became one of the most popular teachers in Sweden, far from being named, in 1751, preceptor of the Crown Prince (the future Gustavo III. At Palace, Olof von Dalin became one of the main supporters of his Royal pupil's mother, Queen Louise Ulrica, who supported in all its cultural initiatives such as the creation of the famous Academy of fine arts in Stockholm. In this institution, the writer of Vinberg was appointed Secretary, who took the opportunity to disseminate their ideas favorable to rationalism and the encyclopedic that in France the enlightened were disseminating.

For his tireless cultural work near Palace, in 1755 Olof von Dalin was appointed Royal historian, who served for a short space of time, because a sudden disagreements with the Swedish monarch led him to a forced exile that lasted for six years. On his return to Sweden, he was forgiven and named Royal Adviser.

But their true intellectual work in defense of the ideas of the enlightenment had begun long before the charges and official honours arrived you. Indeed, since 1733 had spread Then swänska Argus, a literary magazine founded by the own Olof von Dalin, in which the first manifestations appeared in Swedish of the French encyclopedic and, in general, of the Rationalist current that was spreading across Europe.

Despite this undeniable influence of French culture in his essays and historiographical, literary production it is more remarkable, on the other hand, the influence of some English authors of the late 17TH century and early 18th, as Alexander Pope(1688-1744). Among these original works by Olof von Dalin is his famous tragedy Brunilde (1738), as well as its acute poetic satire about the Swedish monarchy, titled story of the horse (1940), and his long epic poem (1742) Swedish freedom.

But his work Summit within the letters in Swedish of the 18th century, which has led him to be among its authors as the most celebrated of all time historian, is his famous history of the Kingdom of Sweden, a long work of research and writing, published in three volumes, lasted for three decades (1747-1762).