Biography of Honoré Daumier (1808-1879)

French painter, born in Marseille in 1808 and died in Valmondois in 1879. Son of a glazier, moved to Paris with his family and entered apprentice in a printing press; later he/she worked in a bookstore. He/She began drawing under the direction of Alexandre Lenoir, and frequented the Louvre, where could meet the sculpture of antiquity and the works of Rubens and Rembrandt that influenced him significantly. In 1828, he/she attended a few courses where he/she learned the technique of lithography with Charles Ramelet. In 1830 he/she began working as a cartoonist in the silhouette, which was used until 1872, and genre in which production was very extensive, with more than 4,000 cartoons covering all kinds of topics, from social and political satire street scenes, the world of finance to criticism of bourgeois traditions, literary etc. Among the most famous are: Gargantua, 1831, which skewed to King Luis Felipe and why he/she was in prison for six months; Parisian types, 1840; The Expo, 1855, etc.

It was also a great number of woodcuts and executed 36 busts of personalities of the time, made in clay, which subsequently served as her model for his lithographs, and were finally cast in bronze.

From 1848 Daumier was devoted to painting, but was not known his work until 1878, when his friends held an exhibition of his paintings, which have subsequently been considered as the most impressive of all of his artistic production. His style was inspiration to Delacrois, Théodore Rousseau, Corot and Manet. And it opened new paths to the Impressionists. His paintings include: Crispin and Scapin; The washerwoman; The chess players; The third carriage; The drama, etc. He/She painted also many watercolors and numerous drawings of great quality, as well as your Leos.

Crispin and Scapin (oil on canvas, 1864). Musee d´Orsay (Paris).

(Oil on canvas, 1860-1864) collectors. Victoria and Albert Museum (London).