Biography of Hilarión Daza (1840-1894)

Military and Bolivian politician, born in Sucre in 1840 and died in Uyuni in 1894, who was President during the period 1876-79, the last of the so-called "barbarian warlords".

Son of an Italian travelling Acrobat, of surname Grosolin, was known throughout his life with the nickname "Chocholin", the way in which he pronounced when small was the surname of his father. Of humble origin, all their education received it in barracks, but not before experiencing the ups and downs of a life of a thief on the streets of his hometown. It came out of anonymity by his courage and his physical strength, merits that earned him the rise in grades of the army. Betrayed by 10,000 pesos to its protector Melgarejo, who in 1864 had appointed him Commander of hostesses, and revolted against him in 1871. On the death of the President Agustín Morales assumed interim presidency (1872), until the election of Tomás Frías. Also rebelled against cold, who had joined him a great friendship, and he was Minister of war. He presented his candidacy for the Presidency in 1876, but denying him cold its electoral support, it provoked a coup and took power. Ousted in 1880, he fled to Europe where he lived sumptuously at the expense of the riches they had stolen from the country. Failed their businesses was sunk in poverty, so he returned to his country, with the motive apparently submit to judgment that has followed him for various crimes, although what he really wanted was to take back power, missed by many military. But arriving at the station of Uyuni, died at the hands of the picket that protected it.

His Government was dictatorial and distinguished by its violent repression against the former President Frias and his collaborators, as well as independent journalists who dared to criticize its management. This attitude led to many revolts around the country. On the other hand, in 1878 took place in Bolivia the most intense drought that has news, which unleashed a terrible famine that pushed farmers towards the city in search of food. In these circumstances, broke out the war of the Pacific, whose immediate reason was the attempt of the Government of Daza tax for Bolivia, by way of royalties, on the nitrate exploded in the Bolivian coast by British and Chilean companies. Daza moved to Tacna to direct operations, but its inability to direct the war, Col. Eliodoro Camacho and other senior leaders ignored their authority, by which from Arica, and during the war, embarked for Europe (December 1879). His Government is one of the most dismal of Bolivia. Known as "the soldier mandon", Daza was a clear sign of the dire consequences of military caudillismo.