Biography of Carlos María De la Torre (1809-?)

Governor Spanish of the Philippine Islands, born in Seville in July 1809 and died on unknown date and place, who exercised their mandate between 1869 and 1871, introducing many liberal measures as a direct consequence of the proclamation in Spain of the regime of 1869 in the archipelago.

Carlos María De la Torre participated actively with the employment of lieutenant general in the revolution of 1868 overthrew Isabel II and introduced in Spain a monarchical democracy, being sent to the Philippines by the provisional Government of general Serrano. Just assume the governorship of the Islands (June 1869), from the Tower showed its willingness to implement promptly the rights and freedoms referred to in the new Spanish Constitution, as well as a more receptive attitude toward the demands of the Filipino illustrated class, although on the other hand it was unyielding to any initiative that is closer to the ideal of independence. His first Government measures focused on the eradication of corruption at the heart of the Administration and the ecclesiastical establishment; Thus, in order to improve the situation of the native secular clergy, he has taught several measures to restrict the abuses of the regular Spanish, one of the most serious problems of the Philippine society.

Major had if possible reform to the secularisation of education - decrees of November 1870 - institutions, company which however stumbled upon so many resistances among influential orders of Friars of the Islands that the Tower not could finally take her to practice. During his tenure also was created in Madrid the Philippines Council, advisory institution composed of former officials of the colony, and was amended the composition of the Real audience of Manila - Decree of 25 October 1870-. De la Torre organized also the Civil Guard, composed of four thousand Filipino native commanded by Spanish officers, and proposed the liberalization of the tobacco monopoly, although this last reform also came to be held by the opposition of the strong economic interests involved.

Despite his liberal spirit, Carlos De la Torre threw March back in regards to the granting of political rights to the filipino people, fearing it extends the archipelago the agitation that was living in the Peninsula and especially the Cuban example. Thus, and contrary to the proclaimed by the Spanish Government, this Governor is justified in that "would be almost criminal to implement the principles of the revolution [...] because the filipinos understand nor want to know nothing of political freedoms". With the arrival of the monarchy of Amadeus of Savoy was relieved of office, being replaced by Rafael de Izquierdo (April 4, 1871).