Biography of Martín Bermejo Delgado (1858-1918)

Patriot and revolutionary leader filipino, born in Santa Barbara (Panay Island) on November 11, 1858 and died on the island of Culion on November 12, 1918, which played a pivotal role in the triumph of the revolution of independence in the Visayas Islands, and later in the war against the United States, to become one of the leading Filipino heroes of the race.

Born in a wealthy family of Spanish, Martín Delgado studied the seminar San Vicente Ferrer in Jaro and Ateneo de Manila, where he graduated in teaching. He worked for years the teaching profession in the public school of his hometown, serving at the same time in various municipal posts. At the outbreak of the independence rebellion of 1896 he was summoned along with other notable local by the provincial Governor of Iloilo to organize militia volunteers Filipinos, without suspecting that Delgado sympathized with the revolutionary cause. As a result, after the Spanish defeat in Manila Bay (may 1898), conjured with other military to propagate the independence movement initiated in Luzon to the Visayas Islands, participating in the insurrection of the main towns in the province of Iloilo (October 1898). Once taken power, he was appointed military commander of the provisional Government established in Santa Barbara (November 17, 1898) and promoted to lieutenant general ranking.At the outbreak of the war began (February 1899) Delgado Martín was appointed by President Emilio Aguinaldo Governor military of Iloilo and general of the army, having to deal with the landing of US troops of general Marcus Miller. To the evident disproportion of forces, Delgado ordered his men to retreat to the interior of Mindoro, where the steep orography of the island played in favor of the resistance through the use of guerrilla tactics; Thus, while most of the Visayas Islands fell quickly in the hands of U.S. troops, he managed to keep alive the flame of independence for months despite having numerous factors against (mass desertions, acute lack of food and ammunition). Finally, he was forced to capitulate on February 2, 1901.

To recognize their worth and ability to command, U.S. authorities named him Governor of the province of Iloilo, who served until 1904. He then returned to his hometown, where he had also the function of municipal President.