Biography of Jacques Demy (1931-1990)

Director of French cinema, was born in Pontchâteau (Loire-Atlantique), June 5, 1931 and passed away on October 27, 1990.


After studying fine arts in Nantes moved to Paris to study at the Ecole Technique de Photographie decoration cinématographiques et. His first professional steps in the film were as cinema advertising director and Assistant Director of the documentary filmmaker Georges Rouquier. At the same time he directed short films with fellow friends and studies: one of them, François Truffaut, offered her a small role (a policeman) in his directorial debut, the 400 blows (1959). Also appeared in Paris nous appartient (1960) of Jacques Rivette.

His first feature film as director, Lola (1960) enjoyed great success of critics and the public. Dedicated to Max Ophuls, is a tribute to his last film as a director, Lola Montes (1955), and Lola-Lola, the character played by Marlene Dietrich in the blue angel (1930), Josef Von Sternberg. Anouk Aimée plays Lola, a cabaret and single mother dancer around which forms a complex Web of characters in constant motion. Lola is one of the best films of the first "French Nouvelle vague". The freshness of the cinema of the time, Demy added naive sentimentality that characterized the best of his work. The soundtrack for Michel Legrand added a touch of jazz which adapted perfectly to the spirit of improvisation and freedom of the cinema of the time. The character of Lola is recurrent in the films of Demy and references to this film appear in much of the rest of his work.

Married in 1962 with the also Director Agnès Varda. The success of Lola allowed him to carry out his most ambitious project and it was his film better known internationally, the umbrellas of Cherbourg (1964). One of the great musicals of French cinema in which all the dialogue is sung, is a tribute naive to the great tradition of the American musical. It tells the story of love between a young woman (Catherine Deneuve) and a mechanic (Nino Castelnuovo) and opposition to this from the conservative mother of the girl (Anne Vernon). Demy returned to collaborate with Michel Legrand, who composed a classic score. The film won the Golden Palm of the Cannes Film Festival and was nominated for four Oscar, including best original screenplay for the own Demy and best original music for Legrand. Three years later, Demy tried to repeat the success of his previous film with Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (1967) but this suffers from the absence of Michel Legrand in composing the music, work that the director himself, took place and did not obtain the expected results. Both films contain references to his favorite character, Lola, in stories told by characters and taken flashbacks of his debut.

In his next film, study models (1969), openly reappeared the cabaret singer character to turn the happy ending of the movie. The irregular and often underappreciated career of Demy include adaptations of children's stories skin ass (1970) and the Pied Piper of Hamelin (1971), which adapt perfectly to the sentimental tone of the rest of his work. While continuing to make cinema began to work occasionally for television. On October 27, 1990 he died suddenly of a cerebral hemorrhage. The passage of time has positioned him as one of the most personal of the emerged in France during the 1960s.


Short films: 1956: Le sabotier du val de Loire (and screenwriter). 1957: the beautiful indifferent (and screenwriter). 1958: Musee Grevin (Co-Director). 1959: the mere et l'enfant (Co-Director); Ars (and screenwriter).

Larometrajes:(Demy signs all his films as screenwriter) 1960: Lola.1961: Lust (episode of "The seven deadly sins"). 1962: the Bay of the angeles.1964: the umbrellas of Cherbourg. 1965: Les Demoiselles de Rochefort (and musician). 1969: study of models (and producer). 1970: donkey skin. 1971: The Pied Piper of Hamelin. 1973: Can not you trust or of the stork. 1978: lady Oscar. 1982: A room in the ciudad.1985: Parking. 1988: Trois places pour le 26.

As Assistant Director: 1954: Lourdes and his miracles. 1955: Arthur Honegger.1956: Sos Noronha.1959: the 400 blows (and actor).

F Pascual