Biography of George Dewey (1837-1917)

American Admiral, born in Montpelier (Vermont) on December 26, 1837 and died in Washington, D.C. on January 16, 1917, famous for commanding the American fleet that defeated the Spanish at Manila Bay.

He began his military studies at the Norwich school (New Hampshire), and in 1854 joined the Naval Academy in Annapolis, where he/she graduated in 1858. After serving on the frigate "USS Wabash" steam with destination in the Mediterranean fleet, in 1861 he/she returned to the Naval Academy for the graduation of Lieutenant. Broke out that same year the civil war, he/she was appointed to the frigate "Mississippi" with a mission to participate in the blockade of the coasts of the Confederacy, and at the helm of this ship, took part in the battle of New Orleans (April 1862). In 1863, he/she fought under the command of Admiral David Farragut at the battle of Port Hudson, in which the "Mississippi" was destroyed. He/She was then appointed commander of the "Monongahela", flagship of Admiral Farragut, and the "Kearsarge", which was used when the war ended.

In 1867 he/she married Susan Goodwin, daughter of the Governor of New Hampshire, who, widowed five years later. In 1871, under the command of the "Supply", was ordered to bring humanitarian aid to the wounded of the Franco-Prussian War, in 1872 he/she was promoted to the rank of Commander and later served in the 'Juniata' during a voyage to Europe. In 1884 he/she was promoted to captain and chosen to command of the first modern U.S. Navy ship, the "USS Dolphin". In subsequent years he/she developed administrative tasks in the Bureau of equipment and recruiting and the Naval Supervisory Board, until in 1897, with the rank of Commodore, was already in command of the Asiatic fleet. At the outbreak of the war with Spain (April 1898) was ordered to capture or destroy the squad enemy; to this goal he/she went to Manila, where on 1 may be faced and defeated completely Spanish ships of Admiral Patricio Montojowithout hardly any casualties. This action earned him the promotion to Admiral of the Navy, graduation created by an act of Congress, and the appointment as Chairman of the newly created Council General of the Navy, since which promoted the empowerment of the naval forces. His popularity led him to present as a candidate for the Presidency of the Government, although he/she finally left. In 1903 he/she was elected President of the Joint Council of the army and Navy, as which he/she served until his death.