Biography of Juan Díaz Porlier (1775-1815)

Spanish General, called the Marquesito, born in Havana in 1788 and died in La Coruña in 1815. Natural son, always kept much mystery about its origins. It was named the Marquesito by believing her nephew of the Marquis of la Romana. Marine, he/she fought at Trafalgar, and later guerrilla in the war of independence. It suffered a defeat in Gamonal in 1808. Promoted to Colonel, on March 24, 1809 he/she signed at Burón (Leon) a part, published in Cadiz, who directed to Baltasar Cienfuegos and Jovellanos, about incidents in the attack of Cervera de Pisuerga (Palencia). In 1810 estimated that he/she appeared in la Rioja with 500 HP and 3,000 Marines. It operated between Asturias, Valladolid and Bilbao. A letter, undated, generals and French troops in Spain, was published in business newspaper of Cádiz (16 December 1810). It communicates by three Spanish soldiers arcabuceados by the French, he/she will hang six, and promises to rigorously apply the law of retaliation. From the Carrier's general response, from Palencia, also posted, carries a date of October 16, 1810. Turn on the fight in Santander (Renedo, 21 August of 1811), was published in the second extraordinary Gazette of la Coruña (2 September), and was played by Curt (September 18, 1811). Named General, was found in the battles of San Marcial and Vitoria. He/She paid for the edition of the discourse on the Spanish Constitution of Juan Antonio Posse (Oviedo, 1813), for illustration of the provinces that had made war. In 1814 field marshal, married to Josefa Queipo de Llano, daughter of the counts of Toreno. In 1814 he/she was prisoner in the castle of San Antón, la Coruña, liberal but came out with permission to take baths, and thus could devise conspiracy that led him to speak out in September 1815 to proclaim again in Spain the Constitution of 1812. He/She was elected President of the Junta de Galicia, he/she stopped to general Saint-March, and prepared the March on Santiago. Defeated, he/she was subjected to a Council of war, consisting of quarterbacks Ulises Albergoti, Rafael Martinengo, Alejandro Ojea and José García Paredes, the Brigadiers Carlos Leamur, Juan de Ara, Marquis de Almeira, José de la Fuente and Salvador Escandon. Advisor was the auditor of war Manuel Losada Cardoniga. Sentenced to death, he/she granted Testament in La Coruña, 2 October 1815, in which José Miranda ordered to surrender its mortuary box wrench, and a copy of the will, to his wife. The next day he/she was hanged. His name became one of the first of the liberal martyrology, of deep popular roots. Benito Pérez, in the "warning" to the Ballad of irrigation, count have witnessed in Candas on 14 September 1819 the great circular dance, or premium, in which 500 young men and girls sang sad romance to the death of Porlier, work apparently scribe Ramón Miranda. The Archdeacon of Gerona Pedro García Diego denied in 1820, have been the informer.


RIAÑO, Camilo: The Lieutenant General Don Antonio Nariño. Bogota: 1973.