Biography of Zoran Djindjic (1952-2003)

Politician and doctor in philosophy, born on August 1, 1952 in the territory now occupied by the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and died in Belgrade on March 12, 2003. Prime Minister Serbian since January 2001 and promoter of the surrender of Milosevic to the Tribunal Penal Internacional for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), was murdered in front of the headquarters of the Executive in the capital of Serbia.

He participated in student activities against the dictatorship of Marshal Tito , and spent several months in prison. He/She then left the country and moved to Germany for his PhD in philosophy; There he/she shared desk with names such as the philosopher Jürgen Habermas or Joscha Fischer, which over the years was to become Germany's Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1979 he/she returned to Yugoslavia and worked as a teacher.

His active involvement in politics was consolidated in 1990 with the Foundation, along with other intellectuals of the country, of the Democratic Party (DS), formation that won a parliamentary seat and where he/she met Vorislav Kostunica, the man who ten years later would become the President of Yugoslavia, responsible for managing the country's political transition after the electoral defeat of Milosevic. Some time later, a split in the party led by Kostunica became the Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS).

Both politicians were found in the summer of 2000, when eighteen opposition and trade union groups decided to resolve the country's political crisis, after the military intervention of NATO in Kosovo, joining forces to overthrow a regime severely punished by the international community. The two coalition presented to Kostunica as presidential candidate in the September 24 elections in which Milosevic was defeated. The Serbian people confirmed the hopes placed in the new President giving the two undisputed victory in legislative elections on December 23. And Djindjic headed the list of the Coalition for the post of Prime Minister. The new Serbian Government, led by Zoran Djindjic, took office on January 25, 2001.

With a reputation of intelligent, brilliant and pragmatic politician, Machiavellian and opportunistic and tanned to thousand political battles, the Prime Minister of the new Yugoslav era failed to arouse the sympathy of the Serbian people, who received his political ascension with much less enthusiasm than the exalted President Kostunica. Both politicians had become figures sculpted from the transition and decided to park their manifest differences to work for the democratic reconstruction of the country. But a few months later, the confrontation between the two leaders triggered a new political crisis in Belgrade.

In the early morning of April 1, 2001, Slobodan Milosevic joined Belgrade central prison by order of the judge to answer allegations of misappropriation of funds and abuse of power during his time in charge of the country. The Yugoslav President announced that Milosevic would be judged in their country for economic crimes that alleged you Serbian justice but that does not extraditarían him to the Hague, as required by the European Union and the us.United States, to stand trial for crimes against humanity committed during his campaign of ethnic cleansing in the province of Kosovo. The Yugoslav Executive held for some months his refusal to extradite Milosevic but the ailing economy of the country desperately needed international aid and Washington had conditioned its contribution to the cooperation from Belgrade with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Djindjic was not willing to let this opportunity pass and decided to approve by Decree the mechanism for cooperation with the ICTY to deliver to the former dictator. Against the criteria of the Yugoslav constitutional court, which had ordered to freeze the process, and the President of the country, Vojislav Kostunica, which was not consulted, on 28 June 2001 U.N. authorities transferred the prisoner Solobodan Milosevic to the Hague, to appear before the ICTY for his responsibility for war crimes committed in Kosovo.

Immediately the political crisis erupted. Kostunica, that illegal delivery of the former dictator, announced that his political formation (Democratic Party of Serbia) abandoned the Coalition goberante two to form an own parliamentary group and the Prime Minister of the Yugoslav Federal Government, Zoran Zizic, presented his resignation in protest of the extradition ordered by his counterpart in the Serb Executive, Zoran Djindjic. The decision, he/she had the unanimous support of the Western international community that, hours after the surrender of Milosevic to the Hague, however, approved the granting of 250 billion pesetas to finance "economic, social and institutional reforms in Yugoslavia".

In the spring of 2002 was one of the signatories of the historic agreement of Constitution of the new State of Serbia and Montenegro, officially proclaimed on February 4, 2003. Weeks later, on 27 February was the subject of an assassination attempt, and only a few days later, on March 12 of that same year was shot dead in the Centre of Belgrade, near the headquarters of the Serbian Government. The first suspicions about the authorship of the assassination went to criminal gangs organized, linked to the paramilitary groups of the Milosevic era.