Biography of Queen of Serbia Draga Lunjewitza (1867-1903)

Queen of Serbia, born in Gornji Milanovac (Serbia Centre) in September 1867 and died on June 11, 1903 in Belgrade. He/She was the daughter of Panta Lunjevie, prefect of district, and Andja Koljevie, granddaughter of a former military comrade of the King of Serbia Milan Obrenovich. He/She married a Czech engineer named Mischich (or Ma? in), who died soon.

In 1892 Lunjewitza was appointed Lady-in-waiting of the Serbian Queen Natalia, with whom he/she traveled to France. In Biarritz he/she loved the Crown Prince Alejandro Obrenovich, not yet crowned by its minority of age and nine years younger than she. Although it was fired in 1897, returned to Belgrade, and on August 5, 1900 married in second marriage with the Prince, now King of Serbia as Alejandro I. Both parents of this, Milan and Natalia, the Serbian Government were dissatisfied with this marriage, which was not well received by the people.

In 1901 it appeared that the new Queen was pregnant, the possible child would have been the heir to the throne. To the not verified the pregnancy, her enemies and her husband spread the rumor that dredging was to name a successor to one of his brothers, either Nicodemus or Nicolás. Hostility towards the Royal family grew because of the pro-austriaca attitude of the monarch and his suppression of the Constitution of 1901, which he/she himself had promulgated. Finally, in June 1903, a group of army officers, captained by colonels Alejandro Mischich the (previously the Queen Draga's brother-in-law) and Naumovich, raided overnight the Palacio Real and murdered the Kings, brothers of dredger and several officials. The bodies of the Royal family were mutilated and thrown through a window. The rebels named as new King, Pedro Karageorgevich.

Bibliography

DARBY, H.C. Short History of Yugoslavia from Early Times to 1966. (Cambridge, University Press: 1966).

PETROVICH, M.B. A History of Modern Serbia, 1804-1918. 2 vols. (New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich: 1976).

ZORZI, E. L'eccidio di Belgrade (1903). (Verona, Mondadori: 1941).

Links on the Internet

http://www.antikviteti.co.yu/srdjan_stojancev/obrenovici/photographs.html; page with photographs of the Obrenovich family and link to books on its history in Serbian (in English). http://web.genealogie.free.fr/Dynastie%20des%20Obrenovitchs.htm; page with the genealogical tree of the Obrenovich (in French).