Biography of Esteban Echeverría (1805-1851)

Argentine writer born in Buenos Aires and died in Montevideo on January 10, 1951. His work was instrumental in the development of romanticism in Latin America, as his stay in Paris between 1825 and 1830 put him in contact with literature and the thought of the most advanced in Europe at the time (of Vigny, Musset, Dumas and, at the ideological level, Fourier and Saint-Simon) and allowed it to spread it on his return. Also, at the political level, Echeverria achieved notoriety as an opponent to the dictatorship of the General Manuel de Rosas, opposition that will take him to exile in Montevideo in 1840 by his activity in front of the young generation Argentina (also called Association of Mayo), which he/she himself had founded two years earlier. From exile, he/she continued his active propaganda against the dictator until his death.

Mixing both aspects, literary and political, Echeverria was part of the Group of the "outcasts", integrated, among others, José Mármol, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Juan Bautista Alberdi, Juan María Gutiérrez. Of his poetic work, all of it within the romance of French tendency, although strongly rooted in the Argentine reality, highlight their Los Consuelos (1834) poems and rhymes (1837) and their long poems Elvira or the bride of the silver (1832) and La captive, including this in rhymes and important for its descriptions of the Indian as barbaric and cruel character. He/She is the author of several books of poetry more: the insurrection in the South, Avellaneda and guitar or first page of a book, the three of 1849. His work in prose, apart from the writings of a political meeting in Socialist Dogma of the Association of may (1846), stands out, above all, the short story the slaughterhouse, dated 1838 and published posthumously. The importance of the story is twofold, by violent denunciation which means of Rosas's dictatorship and for being the home of the Spanish-American narrative of the 19th.


GARCÍA PUERTAS, M.: The romance of Esteban Echeverría, Montevideo, 1957·