Biography of Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969)

Dwight David Eisenhower.

Military and U.S. politician, familiarly known as Ike, born on October 14, 1890 in Denison (Texas) and died on March 28, 1969 at the military hospital Walter Reed in Washington. Leading military personality during World War II, Supreme Commander of all the Allied forces, and thirty fourth President of the United States between 1953 and 1961.

In 1915 he/she began his brilliant military career with the rank of second lieutenant. During the first world war, became a centre of training of personnel for the management of tanks. In 1928, he/she served in the General staff, and ten years later, obtained the title of Aviator. During the second world war, he/she stood out as one of the main architects of the Allied military successes. In 1941, promoted to Brigadier General, he/she was Chief of staff with MacArthur in the Pacific campaign, and a year later, now Lieutenant General, took charge of the Chief of the section of operations of the State more combined, in Washington. In June 1942 he/she arrived in London, as a commander of the American expeditionary forces. In the month of November, as a general in command of the Anglo-American forces, he/she directed the landing in Morocco and the advance into Tunisia. In the months of July and August 1943 he/she directed the conquest of Sicily, which began July 10 with the southeastern landing on their shores; in September he/she directed the landing in the Italian peninsula. The allies succeeded in entering Naples on 1 October, already released by its citizens raised in weapons, but were blocked in the North of the city opposite the stiff resistance opposed by the Germans in the line of the Garigliano and Sangro, known as the Gustav line. On the eve of Christmas, he/she was appointed Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces preparing for the invasion of Western Europe. In the year 1944 was opened the second front in Europe, pursuant to the decision taken at the Teheran Conference, and in the month of June general Eisenhower directed the landing on the shores of Normandy, and the advance into the heart of France, supported inside by the action of the maquis. August 25 Paris surrendered, but the advance continued until, on May 7, 1945, the surrender of the Germans. After the war, he/she remained as head of the U.S. forces of occupation in Germany and Chief of staff of his country, from November 1945 to 1948.

In October 1948, he/she was named President of Columbia University, charge that played until 1953, and which shared with the Adviser of the Secretary of Defense. During the years 1951 and 1952, he/she was Chief of the forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). In May 1952, after leaving his post in NATO, presented candidate by the Republican party for the Presidency of the United States.UU., was elected and held the post from 1953 to 1957. During its mandate emphasizes, in international politics, the signing of the Armistice, in 1953, which put an end to the war in Korea. In 1956 he/she was re-elected by an overwhelming majority, and again was President during the years 1957-1961. In domestic policy, the objective to achieve in his second term was to get the conservative dream, i.e. taxes low and minimum intervention by the federal Government; and in foreign policy, maintain the supremacy of the United States.UU. on the Soviet Union, through the development of nuclear deterrence. This line is part of his encounter with the Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Kruschov, in 1959, with the aim of signing an agreement between the two countries for the sake of world peace; but he/she failed in his attempt. Finished their term, he/she was appointed Chairman of the Advisory Board of the American encyclopedia.

He spent the last years of his life retired on his farm in Gettysburg. He/She wrote his memoirs of war Crusade in Europe (1948), published in English under the title history of the war, and also his presidential memoirs works Mandate for Change (1963) and Waging peace: the White House Years, 1955-60 (1965).