Biography of David Escobar Galindo (1943-VVVV)

Poet, Narrator, playwright, essayist, columnist and Salvadoran literary critic, born on October 4, 1943 in Santa Ana. The richness and diversity of its creative output, reflected in all the literary genres, and for his tireless work at the service of numerous Salvadoran and international institutions, he is considered as one of the writers and intellectuals of greater specific weight in the Central American cultural landscape in the second half of the 20th century.

Inclined from an early age to the world of the humanities, oriented in the beginning their education toward the side of the law, which led him to pursue higher studies in jurisprudence and social sciences in the University of El Salvador. After obtaining the degree of doctor in these matters in 1968, their commitment to their country's cultural and institutional development has allowed him to take some public positions of both relief and the direction of the Salvadoran National Library (1971) and the direction of the prestigious magazine culture (1977-1993); He was also a member of the editor Committee of the peace treaty with Honduras (1980) and the negotiator of the Government Commission (1989-1992) which was responsible for the negotiations for the signing of the peace accords with the FMLN (Chapultepec, Mexico, 1992), agreements that served to put an end to the bloody civil war in El Salvador. It currently plays the position of Rector of the University "Dr. José Matías Delgado", activity that combines with his duties as a member of the Academic Council of the military school "Captain General Gerardo Barrios", as Vice President of the Foundation for peace (FUNDAPAZ) and as a member of the National Council of security (1996).

For the whole of these activities, together with the quality of his literary production, its presence in the main Salvadoran media is constant for many years. In 1985 took over a fixed section in the Sunday literary supplement of press graphics, titled "Stories without story", where has been systematically dumping a series of brilliant stories that have set it as one of the masters of contemporary short fiction written in the Castilian language. Some of these stories were later collected in the collective collections entitled people passing (1989), the night of the dragon (1991) and Elvira and the Archangel (1993). Otherwise, the rest of his narrative work includes other volumes of short stories such as the rebellion of the images (1976), Methuselah abandonico (1980), survivors (1980), the truce of the gods (1981, work in which also some dramatic texts appear) and fires (1993) random. In addition, without leaving the prosístico genre, David Escobar Galindo has also cultivated extensive narration, plot in which has left some so outstanding pieces such as the novels entitled a crack in the water (1972) and captive (1985) star.

As playwright, prolific writer of Santa Ana has written two theatrical pieces entitled after midnight (1981, and reissued later in 1988, hispano-inglesa bilingual edition, with translation of Roy C. Boland) and the bonfires of Ithaca (1987); In addition, as a critic, essayist and literary researcher has given to printing Fables (1979, reissued in 1982 and, subsequently, in a bilingual edition in 1985), El Salvador (1982) poetry anthology index and anthology of the traditional story in El Salvador (1989); He has also published a collection of his political writings, which appeared under the heading of low beneath the volcanoes (1997). He is also the author of a volume of miscellaneous prose entitled the white paper (1997).

However, is in the field of poetic creation where David Escobar Galindo has shone with greater splendor, thanks to some titles so enriching to the Hispano-American poetry of the 20th century as hands in the fire (1969, written in collaboration with the Salvadoran poet Mercedes Durand), strange world of dawn (1970, reissued with enlargement in 1973), ceremonial duel by violence (1971)Manifest destiny (Madrid, 1972), secret speech (1975), book by Lillian (1976), barbecued and foam (1978), penitential sonnets (1979), the Barefoot Warrior (1990, anthology), bear witness of the hope (1993), (1994) morning exercises, God within (1995), prayer book (1995), tree without Truce (1996), the deer and the Hummingbird (1996, in collaboration with Eduardo Sancho), and shrapnel and flowers (1997). In addition, Escobar Galindo has ventured successfully into the difficult genre of poetry child, with a pair of works entitled the round fruits (1977, reprinted in 1990) and poems for painting a small country (1991).

With such background of titles behind them, it is not surprising that David Escobar Galindo has been awarded or recognized with more than one score of distinctions (national and international), among which are his appointment as he citizen of the cities of San Salvador, Ahuachapán, and honorary citizen of his hometown of Santa Ana. Moreover, the importance of their presence on the American cultural scene is evident in his capacity of Member of the Institute of Hispanic culture (1970), Member of number of the Sanmartiniano Salvadoran Institute (1975) and Deputy Director of the Academia Salvadoreña de la Lengua.


RODS-DINARTE, Carlos. School dictionary of Salvadoran authors (San Salvador: National Council for culture and art [CONCULTURA], Directorate of publications and printed materials, 1998).

J. R. Fernández Cano.