Biography of Juan Escoiquiz (1762-1820)

Spanish statesman born in Ocaña in 1762 and died in round 20 of November of 1820. Son of a soldier who had been Governor of Oran, entered the service of Carlos III at the Court and embraced the ecclesiastical state; It was soon to be Archdeacon of Alcaraz. Godoy made him tutor of the future Fernando VII, whose will was able to win. Despite its religious status, had two sons with Robustiana Infante, who is known to 1808 they lived in Valladolid, and the Marquis of Sardoal accused him of having a nude Venus in your House (i.e. a painting).

It seems that it was his writing that was found to Fernando the trigger of the cause of El Escorial. Some of the more unfortunate early actions of Prince Fernando to Escoiquiz (membership to Napoleon in 1807, with the request to link a Napoleonic Princess; the trip to Bayonne in 1808). He helped prepare the riot of Aranjuez, and then was in France during the war of independence. Napoleon confined him in Bourges. He used the titles of Archdeacon of Alcaraz and Canon of Toledo and reappeared in 1813, when is speaking turn of the Deseado to Spain. He was Minister of grace and justice in 1814. From 1817 until August 1819, he lived in San Fernando; that last year moved to round. There held together in his house and kept informed the King as soon as he started the movement of irrigation. It was his last service.

He is the author of the following writings: conquered Mexico. Heroic poem (Madrid, 1798, 3 vols.), simple Idea of the reasons that motivated the journey of King Fernando VII to Bayonne in the month of April of 1808 (Madrid, 1810), Manual of the citizen or summary collection of historical-political truths within the reach of everyone, and whose knowledge can be useful to the Spanish people in the current circumstances... (Cádiz, 1820), treated obligations of man (Barcelona, 1821;) Valencia 1822) and memories (in French, 1823; in Spanish, 1915). Beauchamp also credited an apology of the Inquisition, the refutation of a memory against it and the translation of M. Botte, novel of Pigault-Lebrun. Palau quotes also some tiers of occasion: the Charter of Bayonne of the Mr. Escoiquiz (Tarragona, 1808), manifesto of the intimate emotions of pain, love and tenderness of Fernando VII (Madrid, 1818), copy of a letter from Mr. Escoiquiz concludes the Spanish (Valencia, 1808), in addition to its inclusion in the journal of Cartagena, 9 July 1808. The "Manifesto of the Lord..., that narrow commissioned by S.M. informs the nation" was published in the collection of interesting papers, no. 12 (Madrid, 1808), and includes "Events in Bayonne to the arrival of Fernando VII", already published before in the Gaceta de Oviedo, no. 9. He was also the translator of the selected works of Edward Young and paradise lost by John Milton.

A Gil Novales