Biography of Agustín Eyzaguirre (1768-1837)

Chilean politician born in 1768 in Santiago and died in the same city in 1837. He participated in the independence during old homeland movement and later in the creation of the Republican State. He was Vice President and President of Chile.

He was born in Santiago de Chile in 1768 in the bosom of a wealthy Creole family of vasco-castellana tradition formed by Domingo Eyzaguirre Escutasolo and María Rosa Arechavala. He married a sister of the Marquis of Larraín and was member of the City Council, becoming mayor of the same in 1810, when came the revolutionary movement. He took part in the events of July 11 of that year against the Spanish Governor García Carrasco, and also that occurred five days after that he was forced to resign to Carrasco in favour of the elder Mateo de Toro y Zambrano, count of conquest, more prone to native interests. Also was in the Cabildo opened 18 October of the same year that determined the creation of the Board of the Chilean Government. It was then enemy of Martínez de Rozas, despite which he was elected Deputy of Congress by Santiago in 1811.

During the Government's career continued in the Congress, where he was head of the majority, since he had 24 of forty members. He refused the personalism of career and the Rozas and contrariness to assemble to the Chilean people to prevent a realistic attack, deferring the social and political reforms which advocated other Patriots. Case was not made and came the Spanish reconquest of 1813. He was part of the Chilean Executive Board and to the lack of success of race in his campaign against the royalists proposed his dismissal and replacement by Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme in command of the army. He accepted the Treaty of Lircay as something inevitable.

Falling old homeland was deported to the island of Juan Fernández, where he returned after the realistic defeat of Chacabuco (see battle of Chacabuco). In 1818, after the death of the Carrera brothers, he participated in the open Cabildo of Santiago on May 16 of that year, where asked to limit the powers of O´Higgins. The dictatorial rule of the latter away him from any political activity and was devoted to business, founding a company, Calcutta, to trade with the far East. The 28 January 1823 he participated in the open Cabildo which demanded the resignation of O´Higgins. He was elected member of the Provisional Junta of Government with Errazuriz and Infante. He called the Congress and was then President of the Senate. Despite their enmity with O´Higgins opposed the resolution that was submitted according to residence. He was elected Vice President on July 9, 1826, and by giving the President Blanco Encalada, was named by the Congress Acting President of Chile (September 1826). He was overthrown by a revolt military under the command of Colonel Enrique Campino in January of 1827 and succeeded by Ramón Freire. He died in Santiago in 1837.

Bibliography

COLLIER, S. (et to the.). History of Chile (1808-1994). Santiago de Chile, University Press Publishing, 1998.

FIGUEROA, P. P. Diccionario Biográfico de Chile. Liechtenstein, Nendeln, 1974.

EYZAGUIRRE, J. historical physiognomy of Chile. Santiago de Chile, Editorial Universitaria, great collection image of Chile, 1978.

VILLALOBOS, S. (et to the.). History of Chile. Santiago de Chile, Editorial Universitaria, 1989.

MLS