Biography of Carlos Ezeta (1855-1903)

Politician and Salvadoran general born in 1855 in San Salvador and died in Monterrey, Mexico in 1903. He was President of El Salvador between 1890 and 1894.

In June 1890, the general Francisco Menéndez was overthrown by a conspiracy headed by the General Carlos Ezeta and Melecio martial. Ezeta was that then-inspector General of the army and commanding general of the Department of Santa Ana, as well as confidant of the President Menéndez. The military coup took place on June 22, during a celebration at the White House, presidential residence. During the uprising died general Menéndez because of a cardiac infarct, the general Melecio martial also died in street fights.

Ezeta became solo with power and took constitutional office as President on 1 March 1891. The coup occurred at a time of ferment in domestic politics on the one hand, in the wake of the election campaign that pitted several liberal candidates, and international conflicts on the other hand, because of the arrangement of Menendez and the general Bográn rekindling the Central American union.

While the Government of Menéndez had represented a political effort to consolidate the oligarchs of the coffee, the economic preponderance of merchants and bankers, and the radicalism of the liberal sector linked to the President, they ended up cause you to lose the favor of the landowners, which were capitalized by Ezeta. This promised to liberate them from a weight tax per quintal, established on February 28, 1890, at the time that invoked the insurrection right enshrined by the Constitution of 1886, but which had not been ruled by having arranged authoritatively Menéndez.

International politics was also very troubled when Ezeta came to power. I reaffirm in his position when he managed to give term diplomatically the war just started with Honduras and Guatemala and during the next four years governed with relative ease. While lasted his post he said militarily the sovereignty of El Salvador, as well as promote the professionalization of the army through the issuance of the military code and the modernization of armament.

In June 1884, general Rafael. A. Gutiérrez promoted a revolution and helped by Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras, managed to give a coup that overthrew Ezeta. Subsequently, it was named President of the Republic of El Salvador.

Ezeta had to flee in direction to Panama aboard the German ship Valera, to then go to Europe. When he returned to Central America could not return to his native country, since a court martial had sentenced him to death, so settled in Monterrey, Mexico, where he died in 1903.

SCG