Biography of Aldo Fabrizi (1905-1990)

Actor, screenwriter, and Italian film director born in Rome on November 1, 1905 and died in the same city on April 2, 1990.

He had to leave school at age eleven, when his father died. From an early age he devoted himself to writing poetry and songs, activities would be him very useful when finally he started in the music-hall and the theatre of varieties in the 30's, before beginning the film in 1942. Became involved actively in all its projects, which led him to develop work both actor and screenwriter and director. Fabrizi soon became one of the most popular Italian actors, mating successfully both drama and comedy. It did not so lucky in the American cinema, where never achieved the recognition obtained in their home country.

In Italy their best weapons were the irony and cynicism, United to a great expressiveness. Fabrizi debuted as an actor with the comedy of Mario Bonnard, Avanti ce posto (1942), but the role that definitely would give to know was that of the heroic priest of Rome, open city (1945), directed by Roberto Rossellini. After the second world war he was assigned to titles that were being developed within the neo-realist current, and directed his first film, emigrants (1948). One of their best titles as a player in the 1950s was a dog's life (1950), which starred opposite Gina Lollobrigida, under directors Mario Monicelli and Steno, orders that also had him starring in another outstanding title of the Decade, guards and robbers (1951), award for the best screenplay at the Cannes Film Festival.

In the 1950's Frabrizi starred in their very best work. Happened (1952), consists of several episodes and directed by Alessandro Blasetti, comedy took as reference the stories of several Italian, Luigi Pirandello, Renato Fucini and Edmondo de Amico writers, in a selection carried out by the director himself and by Suso Cecchi D'Amico. Other outstanding titles of the Decade were: the trouble (1955) prison, where a prison guard writes a diary about the daily life of prisoners and their circumstances; With your permission, Pope (1956), sharing the stage with Alberto Sordi; or fraudsters (1959), a tangle comedy directed by Steno and coprotagonizada by Toto. But an hour in your life (1950), which provided more satisfactions were Blasetti, which won the silver band of the Union of journalists film; and the master (1957), directed by himself, and which was nominated for the Venice Film Festival Golden Lion.

Fabrizi inaugurated the 1960s returning to work with Toto. Toto, Fabrizi and young people of today (1960) revolves around two future consuegros whose mutual dislike appears to make a definitive break with the marriage of their children. That same year Fabrizi momentarily left comedy to star in a war drama under the orders of Nunnally Johnson. The angel wore red (1960) featured a cast, headed by Ava Gardner, Dirk Bogarde and Joseph Cotten. In 1967 Fabrizi participated in another American project: three bites the Apple, directed by Alvin Ganzer and starring David McCallum, who also composed the main theme music: "In the Garden Under the Tree". In the 1970s will be its last five titles; among them, a drama, La Tosca (1973), directed by Luigi Magni; but the best known is a woman and three men (1974), directed by Ettore Scola, and scripted by the director himself, Agenore Incrocci and Furio Scarpelli, and which portrays is the story of four friends who suffer the economic and political ravings of the postwar period in Italy. The film won the César for best foreign film, and Aldo Fabrizi was awarded the silver band to best supporting actor, granted by the Italian national syndicate of film journalists. He starred in his latest film, the gynecologist from the mutual, in 1977.

In his later years, Fabrizi was dedicated to cuisine, publishing several culinary manuals, as well as some poetry books.

Filmography

As an actor

1942: Avanti c'e posto (and screenwriter). 1943: lives if you leave (and co-writer); Equestrian circus Za-bum; Campo de' fiori (and screenwriter). 1946: Rome, open city; MI figlio professore (and screenwriter). 1947: Tombolo, paradiso nero; Live in peace (and screenwriter); Il crime di Giovanni Episcopo (and screenwriter). 1948: Natale Al Campo 119 (and screenwriter); (Also writer and director) emigrants. 1949: Benvenuto, reverendo! (also director and producer); Antonio of Padua. 1950: Life of dogs (and screenwriter); A time in his life; Francesco, giulliare di Dio. 1951: Three Steps North; Signori, in carrozza!; Paris, always Paris; Guards and thieves (and screenwriter); Fiorenzo il terzo uomo; What a family! (and producer); Cameriera bella presenza offresi... 1952: La famiglia Passaguai fa fortuna (and director); Father becomes MOM (also writer and director); Conscience accuses; Cinque poveri in automobile (and screenwriter); It happened thus. 1953: Una di quelle (also writer and director); Siamo tutti inquilini; Il più comic spettacolo di mondo; L 'Età dell' amore. 1955: A day in the penitentiary; I due compari; IO piazzio; The varietà Carosello. 1956: I pappagalli; With your permission, Pope; Guards of Rome; Donatella. 1957: The master (also writer and director). 1958: Premier mai; I prepotenti. 1959: The fraudsters (and screenwriter); Prepotenti più di prima; A militare e Mezzo (and screenwriter). 1960: Toto, Fabrizi and young people today; Ferdinando I, re di Napoli; The angel wore red. 1961: Le meraviglie di Aladino; Gerarchi if muore; FRA' Manisco close guai. 1962: Twist, Iolite e vitelloni; I quattro monaci; The shortest day; Robbery. 1963: Toto contro i 4; I Quattro tassisti; I Quattro moschettieri. 1964: La donna è a cosa meravigliosa. 1966: Sette monaci d'Oro. 1967: Made in Italy; Three bites at the Apple. 1971: Transplant Sicilian (and screenwriter). 1973: Tosca. 1974: A woman and three men. 1977: Nerone; The gynecologist of the mutual.

Other work as director

1954: Questa e la vita (Co-Director); Hanno rubato a tram (and screenwriter)