Biography of Falso Hisham II (¿-1044)

Al-Andalus, probably Seville, character who tried to pass by the Caliph of Córdoba, Hisham II. His real name and even his date of birth is unknown although it is known that he/she died in 1044.

During the era of the Caliphate of Cordoba, and in the years immediately after its decomposition in 1031, there were two parties that disputed the power in al - Andalus: Berber party, defending the legitimacy of the hammudids Malaga Caliphs, whose maximum defender was ibn Maksan Habbus of Granada; and the Andalusian party, represented mainly by Abul Qasim Muhammad I of Seville, which was opposed to the hammudids and proposed a Umayyad restoration. The main problem of the Sevillian Regulus was that no Umayyad suitor whom the Andalusian could invoke in their public prayers to give legitimacy to their cause there was.

But in 1033 a beggar who claimed to be Hisham II himself was expelled from Malaga (the real ruled the Caliphate between 976 and 1013) and a year later, Zuhayr of Almeria, after checking that it wasn't who claimed to be, expelled from Almería. Seville Muhammad took the opportunity of the rumor of the return of Hisham to elevate to an esterero of the city whose features resembled the deceased Caliph and proclaiming the return of Hisham II, i.e. a legitimate Umayyad in al - Andalus. It is not known with certainty if the man whom Muhammad exalted was the same that had previously been rejected in Malaga and Almeria. The Sevillian Régulo should know that he/she had died in 1013 and should know that the true Hisham would have at that time about seventy years, but continued with the fiction and urged the different Kings of the taifas recognition as Caliph Hisham.

They swore loyalty to the false Hisham II Abdel Aziz of Mujaahid of Denia, Valencia, Sulayman al-Mustasin de Zaragoza, Yahya ibn Ismail of Toledo and initially also Muhammad al-Birzalí from Carmona Abu l - Yahwar Hazm of Cordoba, did and although the first of them joined the party hammudid quickly and the second abandoned the cause of Seville when he/she learned that Seville Muhammad wanted to Enthrone to its sponsored in the Caliphate of Cordoba Palace; then he/she sent an Embassy to Seville to verify the identity of the purported Caliph, after which withdrew its support to the cause of Al-Andalus (1039).

After the death of Abul Qasim Muhammad in Seville, his son Abu Amr Abbad continued the farce started by his father and followed by invoking the name of Hisham in the public prayers on Friday. Although its sponsored died in 1044, the Sevillian monarch public did not up to 1060, when he/she had opposition hammudid.

Bibliography

BOSCH VILA, J. The Seville Islamic 712-1248. Seville, 1984.

DOZY, R. Histoire des Muslim d'Espagne juste la conquête de l' Cordoba pas les Almoravides. Paris, 1932.

JOVER ZAMORA, J.M. (dir). "The Taifa kingdoms. Al - Andalus in the 11th century,"in history of Spain Menéndez Pidal, vol. VIII-I. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 1994.

JMMT