Expressionist German painter born in New York on July 17, 1871 and died in New York on January 13, 1956, family of musicians, and very gifted for the violin. In 1887 he persuades his father to let him study painting and drawing at the school of Arts and crafts in Hamburg; the following year he is admitted to the Berlin Academy. In 1892 and 1893, he took classes with Colarossi in Paris. Around 1890 it begins to publish cartoons and drawings in various humorous magazines; between 1893 and 1906 he lives in Berlin and he earns his living as an Illustrator and caricaturist; These drawings, to the conventional beginning, start soon distorted, due to the influence of the Jugendstil and the Japanese woodcuts. Main characteristic of her work for some time and which gives it international renown. Performs comic strips for the Chicago Sunday Tribune and moved to Paris. In recent years, after producing his first lithographs and engravings, returns to painting, which will be on your main occupation.
Fan since his youth of the late cities of Belgium, 1905 travels by Thuringia and knows their cities and towns. The images that retains these travel determine the character of his architectural paintings. In 1907, he traveled to the island of Rügen, which inspired the themes of marinas and boats. In Paris he met Robert Delaunay who, along with the Cubists, has a strong influence on his work. En1908 returns to Berlin and five years later is invited to participate in Der Blaue Reiter by Franz Marc, but already he had met in 1912 with the painters of Die Brücke. His first individual exhibition is in 1917 in the Gallery Der Sturm. In 1918 he joined the group in November and in 1919 is named for Gropius to join the Bauhaus of Weimar, where he teaches drawing and painting until 1926, year in which the Bauhaus moved to Dessau; Although it continues to maintain contacts with the school, it will not teach. That same year he founded the group Die Blauen Vier along with Klee, Kandinsky and Jawlensky.La National Gallery of Berlin organizes his first retrospective in 1931.En 1936 moved to the United States and teaches at Mills College of Oaklands, California. The following year he settled in New York, where makes decorations for the masterpieces Pavilion at the universal exhibition in 1939.
German Art in the 20th Century, London Weindenfeld and Nicholson Ltd., 1985