Biography of Felipe I. King of Castilla (1478-1506)

Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy and King consort of Castile, since November 26, 1504, until the date of his death, nicknamed the beautiful. Born in Bruges on 22 June 1478 and died 25 September 1506 at Burgos.

Biographical synthesis

Son of Emperor Maximiliano and María of Burgundy, of March 27, 1482 was proclaimed Duke of Burgundy. His marriage to Joanna of Castile, celebrated the 20 October 1496, became him, after the death of Prince Miguel, Prince of Asturias and some years later, after the death of Queen Elizabeth, in King consort of Castile, although due to the multiple clashes with Fernando the Catholic, could do is charge of power until few months before his death.

First years

Son of the then Archduke Maximiliano and María of Burgundy, his birth was reason for great celebrations in all the cities and territories that formed the Netherlands in those years. Her christening, officiated by the Bishop of Tournay in the Church of San Donato, caused great excitement, because had spread the rumor that the first son of the Dukes was a child, circumstance that induced his maternal grandmother to show everyone the genitals of his grandson so that there would be no doubt with respect to their sex.

Felipe just met his mother, since this died prematurely of March 27, 1482, when the girl was 4 years old. Thus from the above date, became the sole heir to the possessions of the Duchess María, which specified in his will that gave custody of her son, as well as the Regency of all their territories to Archduke Maximiliano. They soon appear discords in the interior of the Netherlands, since the high nobility tried to challenge the will on the grounds that they had violated their rights. Despite their efforts, Maximiliano could not strengthen its authority, since he/she had to agree on several occasions with notables of the various territories. It seems clear childhood Felipe was littered with surprises, circumstances that forced him to mature very quickly since it took power at the age of 15, when Maximiliano left Flanders to be proclaimed emperor (1493).

Since coming to power, the young Duke refused to accept the great privilege that granted María of Burgundy in 1477 to their States and decided to use ancient forms taken by his grandfather, Carlos daredevil. 27 March 1494 he/she made Alegre entry into Mechelen and later repeated the same formula in the country of Henao, after which he/she visited his father in Innsbruck to communicate their intentions. Decided to persevere in their positions, on 12 December of that same year (1494) informed the representatives of Holland and Zealand, which was not going to ratify the aforementioned privilege, while seemingly appear signs of discontent.

Despite his young age, soon Felipe in distancing themselves from the policy that his father had been conducted since while it was not a supporter of promoting the particularities of each region, nor tried to put an end to the differences that existed in their territories. Such measures did not prevent the borgoñón to make significant improvements in the Administration, although they had as a consequence that the relations maintained with Maximiliano I would be damaged seriously, since the Emperor did not understand many of the conciliatory decisions taken by his son. As regards foreign policy, shortly after his arrival to power the 24 February 1496, signed with England called Intercursus Magnus, which has restored trade relations between both sides of the channel.

Marriage to Joanna of Castile

The Catholic monarchs maintained relations excellent with Maximiliano during his time as Governor of Flanders, therefore decided in 1490 to start negotiations to arrange the marriage of their children, Juan Prince and the infanta Juana, with the children of this, Felipe and Margarita. Although this first attempt to bore no fruit due to opposition from Carlos VIII of France, in 1494 negotiations began again. They had nothing to object to Felipe III in this regard, since the union could bring important benefits to their States, despite differences that claimed his father. In this way the first agreements to carry out the marriage were signed 20 January 1495 and on November 5 was finally sealed the marriage contract.

Joanna of Castile came to the Netherlands from September 8, 1496, but Felipe the beautiful was not on their territories when his arrival, since few months earlier he/she had started a trip to the imperial court to visit his father. Some researchers believe that the Archduke had begun to change your mind regarding the suitability of marriage with the infanta, since at no time he/she quickly return to their States and did not reach the town of Lierre, where his future wife, was until 19 October 1496. Felipe III met Joanna of Castile on October 20 and according to all accounts, immediately after he/she was deeply attracted by it, reason by which ordered its servers the religious ceremony was brought forward to be able to consummate marriage immediately. The wedding took place in the Church of San Gomaro, that same day, after which it began to be held lavish parties in the Court, which had not lavish is much, because on October 26 was planned Felipe to preside over a meeting of the order of the Golden Fleece, which was a member since childhood. Both biographers of Felipe of Burgundy and Joanna of Castile, coincide in affirming that both spouses felt a passionate outburst just know. But despite this promising start, it seems that soon appeared the first disagreements between them motivated in most cases because of the differences that existed between the Spanish Court and the Burgundian. According to some of the companions of Joan to the Catholic monarchs, in the presence of the Archduke is had treated contemptuously to prominent members of the Entourage of the infanta, while Felipe did nothing to prevent it. These slights were motivated, according to José Manuel Calderón aims, by suspicions that provoked this union in many of the advisers of the Archduke, since they feared that the monarchs of Castile and Aragon would interfere in the good relations that the borgoñón maintained with France.

It seems that the Duke of Burgundy remained at first the distance with his in-laws, leaving diplomatic contacts with the Spanish monarchy under the supervision of his father. But the orientation of its policy in this regard changed dramatically once he/she met the news that had occurred the death of Prince Juan 4 October 1498. Thus according to Spanish Ambassador highlighted in the Court of Imperial, Gómez de Fuensalida, Felipe was the possibility of claiming the crowns of Castile and Aragon with the help of the King of France, with which it maintained extremely cordial relations to the chagrin of Isabel and Fernando. The Catholic monarchs, alerted by the aforementioned Fuensalida, decided to immediately request the presence in his Court of Manuel I, the fortunate and his daughter Isabella of Castile, so courts swore them as heirs. Thus the dynastic crisis opened after the death of the Prince of Asturias, was temporarily resolved after the birth of the infante Miguel, which was recognized as the heir to a few days of birth.

From this moment the Catholic monarchs began to openly show the distrust that caused them the actions of Felipe the beautiful, reason by which the emperor himself tried to reassure his allies, saying that time his son would not have difficulty in respecting their interests. However, such a claim, not calmed tempers of the Hispanic monarchs, since shortly after, they were informed that their daughter lacked the means to pay members of his entourage, since Felipe not gave you the incomes which had pledged to provide. This was not the only sticking point, since the desire of Felipe strengthen its relations with France led him even oppose the wishes of his father. Maximiliano I supported the candidacy of Ana from Britain to occupy the Duchy of Milan, while Felipe supported interests that had over this territory the new King of France, Luis XII, reason by which sent the count of Nassau to the French court, after it was sealed peace Brussels, 15 August 1498. The signing of this peace was the straw that broke the patience of the Catholic monarchs, who decided to send to Burgundy to Sancho de Londoño and fray Tomás de Matienzo, to achieve that Felipe abandon the policy of friendship maintained with France and to discover that you were motivated by the apparent lack of interest that Joan felt about religion.

Despite the pressures that are exerted on Felipe the beautiful one, it refused to renounce the recent Alliance signed with the King of France, at a time when its relations with Juana seems that they reached a point of equilibrium, already to the Archduchess was happy with her first pregnancy. After about two years of marriage, the 6 September 1498, came the birth of the eldest daughter of the Archdukes, baptized with the name of Leonor. However, after the first moments of euphoria because of the ease with which Juana had given birth, began again the disagreements between both spouses, possibly by the disappointment that Felipe felt because their first child had not been a male and primarily by the continued protests of his wife, who considered that the behavior that kept Felipe regarding France was unfair with their parents. This change in the relations of the Archdukes, affected not only the private life of Felipe, they also helped to cool even more relations with his in-laws, although contacts between both cuts were not broken off completely for the sake of the infanta Juana, whose situation was greatly concerned to Isabel and Fernando.

So the situation did not improve much the following months, in the summer of the year 1498 Felipe wrote a letter which requested would be the return of his sister Margaret, as had done his father, stating emphatically that nothing made in Castilla his sister following the death of her husband and her son. Soon they were aware of Isabel and Fernando of the danger of this request, since in those moments it was negotiating the marriage of the infanta Catalina and the Prince of Wales, reason why it seemed likely that both Felipe and Maximiliano I used to Margarita to disrupt negotiations mentioned, as it finally happened.

Felipe III of Burgundy, Prince of Asturias

February 25, 1500 was born the second son of Felipe the beautiful one and the Archduchess Joan, which was at the express wish of his father on behalf of Carlos. The birth of that over the years became the Emperor Carlos V, provoked the Catholic Kings tried to again be reconciled with Felipe, Prince Miguel's health was not very good at the time and they looked at the small Duke of Luxembourg at a possible successor. As grandparents so they feared, on 20 June of that same year (1500) occurred the death of the Prince of Asturias, event that automatically turned to Juana and Felipe, into legitimate heirs to the crowns of Castile and Aragon.

After receiving the news, the first step that gave Felipe was the strengthen relations with his father, while the Archduke at no time broke off contacts with Luis XII, which continued maintaining a relationship of deep friendship that wasn't willing to give up. Thus, while Isabel and Fernando sent rapidly to the Ambassador to the Netherlands Fuensalida, so Juana and Felipe as soon as possible to go to Spain to be sworn as heirs by the courts, Felipe was cautious to abide by the wishes of his in-laws, who were desperate to Fuensalida sent reports in which the Ambassador lamented the apparent lack of interest of the Archduke by preparing your March. Felipe was looking for the opportune moment to use its new position and the moment came in October 10, 1500, when he/she received the news that Fernando the Catholic and Luis XII had signed a peace agreement, by which both agreed to divide up the Kingdom of Naples, territories that the Archduke wished to put under the authority of his son Carlos. For this reason, wasn't Felipe sent some of his men to the French court, where began early negotiations to seal the engagement of the small Carlos and Princess Claudia, the daughter of the King of France; Since this marriage could favor that the Duchy of Naples it was ended at the hands of the future Carlos V and by extension while this was minor, his father; While Fernando and Isabel could protest, since on the one hand they were at peace with France and other Naples control would be in the hands of his grandson.

When it seemed that their politicking in France would reach the fruit desired, after months, postponing his departure, Felipe decided that had time to send one of their representatives to the Court of the Catholic Kings, which had a dual mission, start the preparations for the trip to Spain on behalf of his Lord, and mostly get that Fernando and Isabel should give their consent so that the marriage of Carlos will be held and Claudia. However did not Felipe that Juana was going to refuse to sign the Flemish Ambassador accreditation, since this was contrary to accept that his son emparentara with the French monarch, a circumstance that provoked the ire of the Archduke and later the concern of the Catholic monarchs.

But while the arguments between Felipe and Juana increasingly were more virulent, these not prevented the Archduchess pregnant again in December of the year 1500, circumstances which provided a new excuse to your husband to postpone his trip to Spain before the despair of Fuensalida Ambassador, who had recently delivered 100,000 guilders to the Archduke that this bear the expenses that will cause the transfer of his court. This new delay had nothing to do with the State in which it was Juana, since the borgoñón did not drawback that it moved to Brussels to give birth to infanta Isabel, despite what doctors, so recommended to receive a major grant from the city. Therefore it seems clear that he/she decided to again delay his departure to press to the Catholic monarchs, who had refused to accept the engagement of his grandson with the daughter of the King of France. Finally, they were forced to give up at this point and sent to Flanders to Juan Rodríguez de Fonseca.

Achieved their purposes I have no doubt the Archduke Felipe on 27 July 1501 start preparations for their journey, date in which Isabel came the birth of his daughter in Brussels. So after entrust the care of their children to Anne of Burgundy and the control of the Government to the count of Nassau, the heirs of Castille and Aragon began his March on November 4 of that year. But the joy of the Catholic Kings after learning that finally his daughter and her husband had begun his trip was short-lived, since at the last moment Felipe instead of the journey by sea decided to accept the invitation from Luis XII, who had assured him that he/she and his wife would enjoy their protection in the event that they decide to cross the Pyrenees to Spain. Such conduct was regarded as a clear challenge to Isabel and Fernando Felipe.

The Princes of Asturias finally arrived at the border on 26 January 1502, where they were greeted by the Commander of Santiago, Gutierre de Cardenas, and by Francisco de Zúñiga, after which marched quickly to Burgos, where Felipe and Juana swore that they would maintain all the privileges of the city when they arrived to power. Released way back they came to Valladolid, where the Admiral Enríquez awaited them and approximately 15 March arrived at Medina del Campo, city where as a aims the chronicler of the Archduke, Felipe visited incognito fair which was held there. Ten days later, both spouses were in Madrid celebrating Easter, a city where began his way to Toledo. But they could not continue, since the retinue of princes had to stop at Olías, where Felipe was recovering a few days after contracting measles, although above disease not prevented him from meet for the first time with Fernando the Catholic, which seems that it maintained a cordial relationship since the early days, despite suspicions that both felt. Overcome the illness without difficulty, Felipe and his wife were sworn heirs to the Crown of Castile on May 7, 1502, a stately ceremony in the Cathedral of Toledo.

It was intended that the representatives of the Kingdom of Aragon repeated the same oath soon after, but a new disease of the Archduke prevented that this ceremony will take place until October 27, in the Castilian city of Alcalá de Henares, where a large group of Aragonese attorneys waited for the arrival of the legitimate heiress and her husband. Even though Felipe was recognized by the representatives of the Castilian cortes as King consort of Castile, just without conditions, not same thing happened with the representatives of the courts of Aragon, who were very clear when it comes to affirm that the Archduke would be King of Aragon while his wife lived, at the same time specified that in the case of Fernando el Católico contracted new nuptials and fathering a son to succeedJuana would lose all their rights.

After these important events once again emerged the strong personality of the Prince Felipe, who felt that it was time to undertake the return to their States, without further delay. This decision was not a surprise to his in-laws, who had been prevented from this eventuality by Fuensalida some months earlier, but not left of indignant at the lack of courtesy of his son-in-law. Own Queen Elizabeth tried to convince him that it was necessary to remain longer in Spain, since it should strengthen its authority in which in the future would be their kingdoms. While the Catholic Queen used all the means at its disposal to Felipe change his opinion, not got that this will vary the least their plans, the Prince of Asturias said that he/she could not miss the promise that had been made to his subjects, which had pledged to start the return trip before the end of the year in course (1502).

Felipe the beautiful left the Court of the Catholic Kings on December 19, to despair of the Princess Juana, who had to stay with their parents despite their pleas, since he/she was pregnant which would be her fourth child. Thus in the opinion of some authors, Felipe feeling profoundly liberated spent Christmas in Sigüenza, after which we find him February 7, 1503 Perpignan across the border. While he/she was crossing France, he/she received the news of the birth of his son Fernando and March 29 signed the Treaty of Lyon with Luis XII, which Felipe got control over the province of Capitanata and clinched the marriage agreement of don Carlos and the Princess Claudia. Deeply satisfied by the achievements, both in Spain and in France, Felipe on April 10 visited her sister Margarita, which had become Duchess of Savoy, after marrying the Duke Philibert. But the joy of being back with his only sister was soon interrupted, since Felipe health soon suffered because of your busy life and was forced to rest after contracting a strong fever, which had for weeks on the edge of death. Thus did not abandon Savoy until the month of September of 1503, although not that is the reason why he/she decided to return to the Netherlands, since it intended to travel to the imperial, in order to visit with his father, Court, all patrimonial possessions of the House of Austria.

Since Felipe embarked on the way back to their States, he/she decided to take measures to prevent that Juana remained longer in Castile, since some of his advisers told him that the Catholic monarchs would possibly try return to Juana against that act independently, circumstances not favoring the interests of Felipe, which could only be King of Castile and Aragon in the event of further controlling the fragile will to his wife. Thus, in order to exert more pressure on the Princess of Asturias, he/she decided to send a letter, allegedly written by the future Carlos V, in which the small Duke begged her mother to return with him and his sisters. This letter made a deep impression on Jane, who prayed over and over again to stop it will go to Flanders. This attitude deeply exasperated to Queen Elizabeth, who arrived to confront his daughter on several occasions by his lack of control.

Information that Felipe received close to his in-laws plans, if they were not correct, they were quite approximate, since Fernando and Isabel once they were convinced that their daughter was not willing to stay long in their kingdoms, most decided to use it to put pressure on her husband, since they considered that it was necessary that Carlos become educated alongside them in his court. Such a request was not rejected by the Prince of Asturias, that turning around the situation, he/she said that his son break did Spain as soon as his grandfather handed the territories in Naples, making it clear that it was not possible to negotiate the return of Joan, since this behaved in so extravagantly by the deep love that both they professed and would not improve while it remained secluded in Castile. Thus even if Carlos did not travel to Castile until many years later (1517), Juana finally had the authorization of their parents to go to the Netherlands from March 1, 1504, which meant a major diplomatic success for her husband.

Convinced of its success, while Juana was in Laredo to wait that the winds were favourable to start your way back to Flanders, Felipe signed a new partnership with Luis XII which the borgoñón undertook to assist the French King against Venice, in Exchange for keeping the engagement of his son. This new Alliance, like its predecessors, did not like to the Catholic monarchs, who protested vigorously since hostilities had broken out again between their kingdoms and France. These protests just affected Felipe, who remained convinced of the need to maintain its good relations with the French monarch despite the advice of Fernando the Catholic, which at all times recommended that displayed cautious against Luis XII, since this was only intended to harm the Spanish monarchy and wouldn't hesitate to betray you timereason why he/she should not be allowed that Carlos enter into marriage with Claudia. But the Prince of Asturias not lent ears to these recommendations and after receiving the news that Fernando proposed to surrender Naples to Admiral Enríquez, feeling betrayed flew into a rage and signed a new Treaty with Luis XII (the Treaty of Blois), finally not entered into force due to the ability of the King of Aragon, who informed him through one of his trusted menI would hand over the Kingdom of Naples to his grandson more than change course this is educated in Spain. However, these negotiations were not easy, partly because of the numerous conflicts that Felipe had with his wife since it returned to the Netherlands. Juana flew into a rage after learning the identity of the new mistress of her husband, who came to attack with a pair of scissors, causing a huge scandal for his behavior in all European courts.

Felipe I King of Castile

Many marital problems that existed between Felipe and Juana were an inexhaustible source of conflicts with Isabel and Fernando, who increasingly were more convinced of the inability of his daughter to hold power effectively. Felipe's attitude towards his wife did not contribute to this regained the mental balance, since the Prince of Asturias have opted to spend long periods away from it and when the situation came to a few ends that it felt unable to stand, the decision to detain the Princess in his quarters.

The worsening of the State of Juana explains why Felipe refused to travel to Castile when Fernando, informed him that the death of Elizabeth was next, since the Prince believed, possibly at the behest of don Juan Manuel, which had been incorporated into the Burgundian court recently; that if his wife became incapacitated to Castilian and Aragonese notables would be very difficult to come to reign in Castile and virtually impossible in the case of Aragon. This view turned out to be successful, since a clause which where Juana could not take power over the Regency of the Kingdom would be in the hands of Fernando until Carlos was of age was included in the testament of the Catholic Queen.

Therefore, since Flanders received the news that the Queen of Castile had died, November 26, 1504, Felipe multiplied its efforts to hide the true state of his wife and decided to send the Lord of Veyre to Castile to defend their interests against Fernando el Católico. The King consort of Castile, advised by the aforementioned don Juan Manuel, before successive attempts carried out by Fernando partners to achieve the legitimate heiress of Castile to renounce the Government on behalf of his father, always responded in the same way, claiming that the behavior of his wife was fully justified since their frequent attacks of jealousy were taken by mentally derangedsituation which had not been outside their own Queen Isabel. But these explanations were rejected by Fernando, who claimed that it was a trick of his son-in-law to retain power, reason why he/she decided to confront openly to Felipe the beautiful one, what pushed him to resume his friendship with the King of France. So Felipe I signed a new treaty whereby recognized Luis XII rights over the Duchy of Milan to change that held the future Carlos V with the French Princess wedding.

The numerous conflicts which had Felipe I with the King of Aragon, became a second plane in the summer of the year 1505, when it was forced to take up arms to deal personally with the conquest of Guerldres, which remained under the control of Carlos of Egmont. However once the conflict was resolved, Felipe told colleagues that he/she intended to travel to Spain as soon as possible to deal with the Castilian throne. Decision which reaffirmed after knowing how much that had hurt the cause of Fernando the arrival of a letter allegedly signed by Juana, in which the owner Queen of Castile claimed his father the legacy of his mother.

But a fact would disrupt the plans of Felipe, since Fernando el Católico and Luis XII initiated the peace talks while it was preparing his trip, negotiations that left the political position of the King consort of Castile, who only had the firm support of Maximiliano I, which convinced him that it was necessary to negotiate with his father-in-law to strengthen its position in the air; at the same time tried out of its state of deep prostration Doña Juana, who after receiving the attentions of his father-in-law underwent a marked improvement. At this time seemed that Felipe was willing to accept the marriage of Fernando with Germana de Foix, though this marriage could deeply injure their interests if the new Queen of Aragon had offspring; to thus start negotiations with his father-in-law, although intervention of don Juan Manuel prompted him to change his mind at the last moment, already that this convinced you that it for their interests was to instruct Veyre Filiberto to intensify their attacks against Fernando, since her new marriage had not been seen with good eyes in CastileSince many were those who considered that they had betrayed the memory of Queen Elizabeth.

Veyre attacks caused that the authority of Fernando was increasingly questioned, situation that led to Felipe decided to travel to Castilla 8 January 1506, leaving Flanders to four of their five children, including the small María, who was born in September of the previous year.

Had Felipe that alienated much of their properties to support costs that meant he/she and his wife moving to Castile, but the time seemed the most suitable, so it decided that it was not necessary to postpone their entry into their new realms more. It is clear that preparations rushed everything and finally Felipe decided to embark on their journey by sea with the intention of landing in Seville, where he/she was one of its most powerful ally, the Duke of Medinasidonia. But it took not to complicate things, since when they had a few days of crossing, a strong storm forced the fleet of the Kings of Castile to disembark in Portland (England). Henry VII do not hesitate to invite Felipe and Juana to London, which was graciously accepted by both invitation. However not only longed for the English monarch teach the capital of his Kingdom, since he/she took the circumstance forcing Felipe to deliver to the Duke of Suffolk, given that prevented him from leaving England as this remained in Flanders. A request which was granted but not without that the King of Castile imposed as a condition to respect the life of the prisoner. So after saying goodbye to your host Felipe the beautiful decided to disembark in La Coruña, instead of in Vizcaya as decided during the months that remained in England, 26 April 1506, since he/she had received news that Fernando was in the vicinity of this town.

Since Felipe came to Castilla of don Juan Manuel activities intensified to such an extent, that this became undoubtedly the most important politician of the Kingdom. So was it the main driver that his Lord over their positions to the del cardenal Cisneros, which passed without scruples to his side. As well Fernando position was becoming more desperate, since one was losing all its political support, circumstances that forced him to negotiate with his son-in-law that finally met on June 20 in Remensal, place where the Catholic King resigned to take up the Regency in Castile. But despite this disclaimer, the situation of Juana and Felipe was not legitimized until the signing of the Concordia de Villafáfila, 7 days later, by which Juana remained away from the power and Felipe was as absolute owner of the destinations of the Kingdom of this. Not lasted much of Felipe's good relations with his father-in-law, as the King of Castille refused to deliver to César Borgia, that prisoner was in the Mota Castle from 1504, emissaries of the King Catholic, to the chagrin of the Aragonese who considered him his prisoner.

Rupture of Felipe with Fernando, was not an obstacle for it to retain its authority, since since his arrival he/she had rewarded all its supporters and few people wanted the return of the King of Aragon, although very soon it was going to have problems. In this way, once his position was firmly entrenched, King undertook a series of reforms to improve the management, especially that of Justice, and remodelled the Court, where increasingly attended more Germans and Flemings. Also aware of the great power that had reached the great nobles, thanks to clashes that had held with his father-in-law, did everything possible so that the Administration would be under the authority of the minor nobility. This decision did not like many of their old servers, which although in principle they showed no openly their dissatisfaction, shortly thereafter refused to recognize that Juana was incapable of governing, as the King consort wanted. Characters of the stature of the Admiral Enríquez assured that the Queen, despite their irregular behavior, was in full mental faculties so this should accompany her husband at all times, because as the courts ruled he/she was the owner Queen of Castile. But despite this setback and the frequent protests of his wife, which was increasingly more distanced, Felipe continued to maintain the virtually in solitary and could carry out actions such as the reform of the Inquisition, although his performances in this sense caused that many of his subjects found that King had been bribed by the converts.

The death of Felipe the beautiful

According to the chroniclers of the time point, Felipe I began to feel ill 16 September 1506 after drinking a glass of cold water after a game of ball. Thus the following days the King continued with their everyday activities, although his State was worsening with the passage of days until he/she finally died. His untimely death stunned its subjects, who did not hesitate to affirm that the King had been poisoned, although according to recent research, the most likely cause is that this dies of plague, disease that had appeared in court several months earlier. In this way, it is possible that Felipe I contracted the disease in one of its multiple outlets, since in its effort to distance itself from Doña Juana, very often out hunting and even visited brothels where it was often the emergence of all kinds of infections.

Felipe I spent the last days of his life in Burgos, in the Casa del Cordón, where he/she was accompanied by his wife, who surprised everyone by his great fortitude and perseverance, its long agony while was pregnant which would be its sixth and last daughter, the infanta Catalina. Once his death was certified, your servers dressed with their finery, after which it was installed on a throne, place from where he/she presided over symbolically overnight religious rites which was officiated by his soul. In the morning, we proceeded to embalm his body, being his heart immediately sent to Brussels and once they concluded the activities of surgeons, he/she was taken to the Cathedral of the city, where a Requiem was celebrated in the presence of all the Court. The refusal of his wife the history to give burial during the months that wandered through Castile, although finally years later his remains were buried, by order of Carlos V, in the Royal Chapel of Granada.


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