Biography of Zdenek Fibich (1850-1900)

Czech composer born on December 21, 1850 and died on October 15, 1900. The most important composer of the second half of the 19th century is considered after Dvorak Smetana. He/She studied in Vienna and Prague, was a disciple of Smetana (1865-1866) and then entered the Leipzig Conservatory. In 1868 and 1869 he/she resided in Paris, where he/she gave concerts, and from 1871 was established in Prague, city where he/she was conductor, director of choirs and the National Theatre Artistic Director, although it was not officially in office. After a time spent on the direction, from 1881 concentrated exclusively to composition. His music enjoyed a high consideration, particularly in Czechoslovakia, although currently his work is heard less frequently than during his career. Throughout his 49 years of life, he/she composed a great number of works, with major achievements in symphonic music and the scene. The Czech composer closest to Wagner's musical language is considered.

Much of his youth, including three operas, have disappeared. Reviewing his work, we find that the own Fibich destroyed about 120 compositions. In 1863 created the opera Medea (defunct) and two years later the spring for piano. He/She was a supporter of Smetana, but in his early symphonic poems, written between 1873 and 1875, found next to the ballad national accent. Although he/she could have answered less nationalistic impulses that the need for expression, was the first to write a poem inspired by the Czech folklore (Zaboj, Slavoj,) to Ludek and incorporate a dance (the polka) national in a purely instrumental piece (String Quartet in the). He/She composed the operas La tempestad (1894) according to Shakespeare, Hady (1895), the girlfriend of Messine and fall of Arkona (1848).


Marc Honegger, dictionary of music. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, Second Edition. 1993.

History of classical music. Madrid, planet. 1983.

Ulrich Michels, Atlas de la Música. Madrid, Alianza Editorial. 1992.