Biography of Fidias (490-430 a.C.)

Greek sculptor, creator of the classic style. He initially practiced painting as his father Cármides, but soon oriented its artistry to sculpture, as a disciple of Egia and Agelada of Argos. At age 30, he was already famous for his bronzes of the Athena Promachos, performed with the booty from the battle of Marathon and who decorated the Acropolis, and the Atenea Lemniana of which have been only copies.

Athens Acropolis.

Around 450 BC, during their stay at Élida, executed for the Temple of Olympia the chryselephantine statue of Zeus, colossal sculpture of 14 meters, representing the father of the gods sitting in his richly decorated with reliefs and paintings throne, holding in one hand to victory and in the other the scepter with the Eagle. Such was its beauty the ancients considered it one of the seven wonders of the world. From 447 B.c. was responsible for directing the works of reconstruction of the temples of the Acropolis and the sculptural decoration of the Parthenon, following the mandate of his friend Pericles.

For the interior of the Temple of Athens, Phidias made in 433 BC the chryselephantine statue of Atenea Partenos, also of a size close to 12 meters, destined to occupy the center of the great Hall or cella. Neither of this extraordinary work we know more than performances in works by Goldsmith. The goddess held onto the Palm of the right hand a Nike or winged victory; It had supported a spear over the left shoulder and at his feet was a shield with the other hand. The artistic career of Pheidias was truncated about 432 B.c., so it continued the completion of its work on the Parthenon disciples, among which highlighted Alcamenes.

His friendly relationship with Pericles and the success of his works are the political and artistic reasons that led his enemies to accuse him against the ruler of Athens. It was processed, first accused of having stolen part of the gold delivered by the city to prepare the Atenea Partenos and, later, wicked, by having the temerity to represent his effigy in the coat of arms of the goddess. Upon his death, there is no certain news, some believe that he died in prison of Athens and according to others died in Elis, where he had fled.

Bibliography

White FREIJEIRO, a.: Art Greek, Madrid, 1975.

PAPAIOANNOU, k.: Art Greek, Barcelona, 1973.

RICHTER, g.: Greek art, Barcelona, 1979.

GOMBRICH, H.D..: History of art, Madrid, Alianza Editorial, 1990.

ANGULO IÑIGUEZ, D: History of art, Madrid, 1973.

PIJOAN, history of art, Barcelona, Salvat, 1967.