Biography of Pedro o Pedrucho Figueredo (1819-1870)

Journalist and Cuban musician, prominent revolutionary in the early days of the struggle for independence. He/She was born in the year 1819, in the town of Bayamo, and died in the year 1870, in Santiago de Cuba, was executed by Spanish troops.

Journalist by profession, founded the newspaper the mail in the afternoon, from whose pages prompted several revolutionary activities against the Spanish domination in Havana. This was followed by the founding of the Philharmonic, in his hometown of Bayamo. In the year 1867, Figueredo joined the prominent revolutionary leader Francisco Vicente Aguilera, which created the first Revolutionary Committee in Bayamo, which eventually became the initiator of the insurrectional movement against the Spaniards who would derive in the ten years war (1868-1878).

Commissioned in Havana aiming to attract fans to the revolutionary cause in the western territories of the island, on October 10, 1868 he/she participated, together with the leader of the insurrectionists, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, in the famous Grito de Yara, had carried out on the property of the own lawns in La Demajagua.

Beginning with a contingent of so only 147 men, Céspedes and his Lieutenant Figueredo managed to bring together, at the end of that same month, the incredible number of 12,000 troops, which took, on 20 October, Bayamo and Holguin. To commemorate the first victory for the insurgents, Figueredo composed a military March, La Bayamesa or hymn of Bayamo, that would later become the revolutionary song of the insurgents and the current national anthem of the Republic of Cuba, the letter reads as follows:

To combat run bayameses that homeland involves you proud, do not fear a glorious death to die for the fatherland is to live.

The interim revolutionary Government, created in April of the year 1869 and headed by Céspedes, Figueredo appointed Undersecretary of war, charge that was not long, since, in one of the many skirmishes with the Spanish troops, was taken prisoner and executed after a summary trial, accused traitor and seditious to homeland, i.e., to the Crown of Spain.

Topics related

Cuba: History, contemporary times.


THOMAS, Hugh: Cuba: U.S. domination, 1762-1909 Spanish domination. (Barcelona: Ediciones Grijalbo. 1973).

VV.AA: History of Latin America. Contemporary history. Volume no. 3. (Madrid: Cátedra. 1988).