Writer, historian, archaeologist, and Spanish anthropologist, born in Pontevedra in 1906 and died in the same city in 1996.
After his PhD in law and philosophy and literature, began in 1927 as a teacher (and later as a Professor) at the secondary school of Pontevedra, where he/she kept his activity until his retirement in 1976. In 1923 was one of the founders of the Galician studies seminar, whose section of history of literature came to direct. Also in 1927 was one of the founders of the Museum of Pontevedra (which runs between 1942 and 1986), and where he/she developed an intense activity of historical, cultural and ethnographic disclosure and recovery. From 1927 to 1976 was director of the Padre Sarmiento Institute of Galician studies. Considered to be one of the most prolific and influential Galician intellectuals of the 20th century, he/she was member of the Galician Academy and the Royal Academy of history, and Minister of culture, between 1982 and 1983, the first Government of the Galician autonomous community.
His extensive work encompasses various disciplines, always dominated by the common denominator of attention to Galician culture. Among his historiographical works and history of the art include extensive series (almost forty volumes) universal Pontevedreses, the volume dedicated to the basilica of Santa María la Mayor of Pontevedra (1991), or the works dedicated to the history and culture of Santiago of Compostela, as stories of Compostela (1970). In the field of archaeology, is the author, in collaboration with A. García Alén, of materials for the archaeological Charter of the province of Pontevedra. And in literature, has published very important studies on the cantigas of Alfonso X the wise, especially entitled time and eternal joy in the medieval narrative (the cantiga CIII) (1982), and also about the Galician troubadours on medieval Galician lyric its perduraciones (1977), Camoens (1958), Fray Martín Sarmiento (1981-1994), and with Rosalía de Castro no seu fogar (1974)Castelao na lembranza (1987), with Otero Pedrayo (1990), or Álvaro Cunqueiro or poets of the Galician "Resurximento" of the 20th century. Filgueira Valderde has also been one of the most important ethnographers that Galicia has had, and has published countless articles on festivals, literature, music, art and popular technology in your region. He/She was the editor of the great popular Songbook of Galicia of Casto Sampedro and Folgar, and author of craftsmanship in Galicia (1953), Galician Stonecutters (1976), (1976)-stone Adral (1979-1987).
Topics santiagueses na Xosé Filgueira Valverde (Pontevedra, 1990) bibliography.