Biography of Roberto Fitz Roy (1805-1865)

Marino and English Aristocrat, born in Hampton Road (Suffolk) on July 5, 1805 and died in 1865, who captained the Beagle, the ship that took Darwin for a naturalist expedition carried out between 1831 and 1836, which included visits to Cape Verde, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, Peru, the Galapagos, Tahiti, New Zealand, etc.

(For more information see the article voyage of the Beagle).

Robert Firtz-Roy was the grandson of the Duke of Grafton and nephew of Lord Castlereagh. After the death of his mother, when he was just six years old, was sent to a boarding school on the outskirts of Brighton. At the age of twelve, however, he entered the Royal Naval College in Portsmouth, where he got exceptional skills that earned him the first place in his class. Just meet the fourteen embarked as a school volunteer in the Owen Glendower, a ship to South America. A year later, it reached the grade of midshipman and after travelling through the waters of the Mediterranean and the English channel, among other places, he was promoted to Lieutenant, newly completed nineteen.

Soon after, he was sent in command of HMS Thetis to perform tasks of recognition of Argentine, Chilean coasts, etc. Finally, he embarked aboard the Brig Beagle, where in 1828 was promoted to Assistant orders of the Commander of the Chief of the station Naval Rio de Janeiro, the Admiral Ottway. With this boat he made the trip more fame gave him since it was a major breakthrough for the natural sciences. In addition, it gave birth to new geographical discoveries, such as the Wulaia Bay, in Tierra del Fuego; a year later Charles Darwin contact in this Bay with yagana culture. After his trip, Fitz Roy returned to London, and died in 1865, at the age of sixty.

The cordillera of the Andes, between the Argentine Province of Santa Cruz and the Chilean region of Magallanes is located in cerro Fitz Roy (3,375 m), named in his honor although nowadays it is better known as El Chaltén.