Biography of Juan Antonio de. Marqués de Villel Fivaller y Bru (s. XVIII-XIX)

Marquis of Villel, Darnius Earl, Duke high Almenara and Grande of Spain, whose exact dates of birth and death are unknown. He was married to María Bernardina Taverner and Darnius, marriage, which earned him the title of Marquis consort of Villel. The greatness by Royal Decree of June 26, 1806 was awarded, and was Dean of the Barcelona City Council.

When Duhesme entered the city, offered to make him mayor and give, in addition, the cross of the Legion of honour provided that recognition of José I. He refused categorically and, despite threats against his family and property and the death penalty imposed on those who leave Barcelona, fled disguised. He was member of the Board of Tarragona in July 1808, as well as member of the Central Board a little later; This last meeting was that December 26, 1808 its Commissioner in Cadiz named him so he took of the fundraising and effects belonging to her Majesty, and also donations from the Americas and their investment, all which would have to give part weekly, in addition to the forced news of the movement of vessels. Villel, in addition to powers to put the square of Cadiz in a State of Defense, decided to build the cavalry mounts, set up a factory of rifles, carry out reform in the administration of revenues to cut the abuse, and the restoration of the defense of Cádiz Board.

He published exhortation to the inhabitants of Cadiz, announced in no. 6 of the mercantile Journal of Cadiz (January 6, 1809), relative to the current circumstances. This document talks about a deceitful and corrupt boss who tried to deliver Cadiz to the enemy, but does not give his name. He dealt also with the transfer of French prisoners and the kidnapping of the property belonging to people of this nationality, as well as the apartment of Cadiz of the suspects. With the prior approval of the Central Board, he was successively taking orders for the arrest or exile of many people. Proposed the provisional creation in Cádiz or the Puerto de Santa María a currency House, he also proposed the establishment of a daily part from Cadiz to Sevilla, took the measures necessary to carry out a relief of the prisons, and gave an order to the Governor of the plaza that will cut introduced in the correctional prison abuses. But the days 22, 23 and 24 February 1809 erupted in Cadiz a popular movement aimed largely against him. He was accused, firstly, of having arranged the entry into a body of Polish Cadiz. Secondly, it attributed the purpose of wanting to get out of Cadiz to the distinguished volunteers and city Rodrigo provincial Regiment. The mutineers wanted to see the correspondence of the Marquis of Villel, believing that it would find the proof of its disclosure. Villel was confined in the convent of the Capuchins of Cádiz, where he remained from 22 February until April 4, 1809. Meanwhile, the distinguished volunteers of Cádiz ended the mutiny, which was celebrated by the military Governor, Félix Jones, and in an ode by a poet, also military: Rafael Bento and naughty.

On February 26, La Junta Central Supreme Government of the Kingdom promised to the people of Cadiz that an investigation would be made. Indeed, in March 1809 the Central Board commissioned Miguel Alfonso Villagómez and Tomás Moyano so they examine the conduct of Villel. The report, given on March 25, 1809 (with date of 11), was entirely favourable to the person concerned. Cadiz City Council agreed, in consequence, do large public demonstrations for Villel moved from convent to your home. There was even a solemn mass officiated by the Archdeacon of Medina, Pedro Juan Cervera.

On April 12, Villel told Martín de Garay his desire to leave Cádiz to rejoin the Board, no longer required his presence in the city, be resentful in their health with the latest developments, and for having received the infamous news of the death of two brothers in Zaragoza. Obtained permission, departed Cadiz on 8 may 1809. On the same day announced in the mercantile Journal of Cádiz, nº 128, a booklet entitled feelings of the people of Cadiz by the absence of the excmo. Mr. Marqués de Villel, count of Darnius, Member of the Central Board. In the store from his home in Barcelona began, on July 21, 1809, naturally without his permission, the sale of the movable property of those who had absented themselves from it.

Other charges, titles and appointments held were the Member of the Commission of Finance of the provincial Congress of Catalonia (Tarragona, on July 19, 1810), Gran cruz of Carlos III (1814), Honorary Councillor of State (1818), second lieutenant mayor of the city of Barcelona and Duke of high beacon with greatness of 1st class (27 March 1819), confirmed by Decree of July 30, 1830that unifies the two great things.


MARQUÉS DE SANTA CRUZ: Standing Committee and Council of the greatness of Spain. Notes from 1815-1864, Madrid, 2nd ed., 1944.

Index noble Spanish, Madrid, 1955.

RIAÑO, Camilo: The Lieutenant General Don Antonio Nariño. Bogotá, 1973.

Diari de Barcelona, no. 102, 21 July 1809.

Mercantile Journal of Cadiz.

National historical archive". State, Leg. 6 and 14.