Biography of Max Fleischer (1889-1972)

American cartoonist of Austrian origin, born in Vienna in 1889 and died in 1972. He was the creator of such popular cartoon characters such as Betty Boop and Popeye, born in the Studio that he founded with his brother Dave.

Coming from a family of immigrants, who came to the United States when so it was only four years old, he studied art in the Union Coper and the students League, which concluded in 1916, he began working for John. R. Bray.

In 1917 he patented the "Rotoscope", a device allowing to encourage real photographs using a simple procedure based on copy action which is projected on a few sheets of paper. After several years working for John R. Bray, in 1921 he founded with his brother company "Out of the Inkwell Films" which became, walking time, in one of the most important animation studios in the United States, direct competition from the Disney factory. That same year, Max produced his first film, Modeling, in which one of his most popular characters, "Koko the clown", which had been created through the process of Roto appeared characterized. In addition, the film sat the predecente use the clay as a material of animation, something quite important, because Assembly of the era was only ready for drawing. Fleischer was maturing his technique of preparation for films, in which reality and animation, mix equal parts getting through the static photographs used as background, in which inserts fictional characters cuts.

The first cartoon with sound took place in 1924-26. In 1928 the company changed its name from its founder, which was renamed the Fleischer Studio. The most important client was the production company Paramount. In 1930 designed some of the characters that got more fame, Betty Boop and Popeye, which were series Carrie of the Chorus or Popeye the Sailor respectively. Gulliver's Travels, a film based on the homonymous short story, which was his first feature film he produced in 1939. Two years later the Fleischer Studio produced a series on the famous Superman comic strip character, and soon after, study fell in the hands of the production company Paramount, so the Fleischer brothers ceased to be perpetrators. In 1942, Max moved to Detroit hired by a film company. A few years later he moved to New York to work in the same place that started his career, the Bray Studio.

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